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AIMS The pure form of familial dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is mainly caused by mutations in genes encoding sarcomeric proteins. Previous measurements using recombinant proteins suggested that DCM mutations in thin filament proteins decreased myofibrillar Ca(2+) sensitivity, but exceptions were reported. We re-investigated the molecular mechanism of(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is often diagnosed at a late stage with concomitant poor prognosis. Early detection greatly improves prognosis; however, the invasive, unpleasant and inconvenient nature of current diagnostic procedures limits their applicability. No serum-based test is currently of sufficient sensitivity or specificity for widespread use. In the(More)
Early diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the key to the delivery of effective therapies. The conventional serological diagnostic test, estimation of serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) lacks both sensitivity and specificity as a screening tool and improved tests are needed to complement ultrasound scanning, the major modality for surveillance of(More)
To examine pathways in the brain stem that process information from cardiovascular receptors we tested, in cats anesthetized with chloralose/urethane, 76 neurons in the locus coeruleus and locus subcoeruleus for their response to hemodynamic perturbations. The experiments were designed to define processing of information from arterial baroreceptors and from(More)
The recently discovered iron regulatory peptide hormone hepcidin holds promise as a novel biomarker in iron metabolism disorders. To date, various mass spectrometry and immunochemical methods have been developed for its quantification in plasma and urine. Differences in methodology and analytical performance hinder the comparability of data. As a first step(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with colorectal cancer often present with advanced disease and concomitant poor prognosis. The best known serum biomarker, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is not recommended for screening because of its limited specificity and sensitivity. A number of other circulating proteins have been suggested to be diagnostically useful but(More)
A prominent feature of the Na,K-ATPase reaction is an ATP dependence that suggests high- and low-affinity ATP requirements during the enzymic cycle. As only one ATP-binding domain has been identified in the alpha subunit and none has been identified in the beta subunit, it has seemed likely that the apparent negative cooperativity results from subunit(More)
The Na,K-ATPase activity of the sodium pump exhibits apparent multisite kinetics toward ATP, a feature that is inherent to the minimal enzyme unit, the alpha beta protomer. We have argued that this should arise from separate catalytic and noncatalytic sites on the alpha beta protomer as fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) blocks a high affinity ATP site on(More)
Increased maternal and foetal iron requirements during pregnancy are compensated by an increase of intestinal iron absorption. Animal studies have shown that the expression of the main iron regulator hepcidin is significantly suppressed during pregnancy, but the factors associated with hepcidin suppression remain unknown. To investigate possible suppressors(More)