Douglas E. Vaughan

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Bradykinin stimulates tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) release in isolated perfused animal tissues. The present study tests the hypothesis that bradykinin increases tPA release in humans through local effects on the vasculature. Graded doses of sodium nitroprusside (0.8 to 3.2 micrograms/min), acetylcholine (ACh) (7.5 to 60 micrograms/min), and bradykinin(More)
BACKGROUND To examine interactions among the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) insertion/deletion, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) 4G/5G, and tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) insertion/deletion gene polymorphisms on risk of myocardial infarction using data from 343 matched case-control pairs from the Physicians Health Study. We examined the(More)
Increased plasma renin activity (PRA) has been associated with an increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI), whereas angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition appears to reduce the risk of recurrent MI in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. These observations may be partially explained by an interaction between the renin-angiotensin system(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term inhibition of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) is known to induce hypertension and perivascular fibrosis. Recent evidence also suggests that long-term NOS inhibition induces expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) in vascular tissues and that PAI-1 may contribute to the development of fibrosis after chemical or ionizing(More)
BACKGROUND Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) regulates fibrinolysis and has been reported to be an independent risk factor for ischemic cardiovascular events. This study describes the age-dependent development of spontaneous coronary arterial thrombi that are associated with evidence of subendocardial myocardial infarction in mice transgenic for(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that pharmacological plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 inhibition protects against renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system-induced cardiovascular injury, the effect of a novel orally active small-molecule PAI-1 inhibitor, PAI-039, was examined in a mouse model of angiotensin (Ang) II-induced vascular remodeling and(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that angiotensin promotes oxidative stress and inflammation in humans via aldosterone and the mineralocorticoid receptor. We measured the effect of intravenous aldosterone (0.7 mug/kg per hour for 10 hours followed by 0.9 mug/kg per hour for 4 hours) and vehicle in a randomized, double-blind crossover study in 11(More)
BACKGROUND This study compares the effect of estrogens and ACE inhibition on plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) concentrations in healthy postmenopausal women, genotyped for a 4G/5G polymorphism in the PAI-1 promoter, a polymorphism shown to influence PAI-1 concentrations. Methods and Results- Morning estradiol, PAI-1, tissue plasminogen activator,(More)
Previous studies indicate that the vasodilator response to bradykinin (BK) and other endothelium-dependent and -independent agonists is decreased in black Americans compared with white Americans. The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of ethnicity on fibrinolytic function in humans. Graded doses of BK (100, 200, and 400 ng/min),(More)