Douglas E. Vaughan

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BACKGROUND To examine interactions among the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) insertion/deletion, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) 4G/5G, and tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) insertion/deletion gene polymorphisms on risk of myocardial infarction using data from 343 matched case-control pairs from the Physicians Health Study. We examined the(More)
Endogenous tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) has been hypothesised to be a marker of baseline fibrinolytic capacity. We therefore tested whether tPA antigen is associated with the occurrence of future myocardial infarction (MI) among apparently healthy individuals. tPA antigen concentrations were measured at baseline in plasma samples from 231(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term inhibition of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) is known to induce hypertension and perivascular fibrosis. Recent evidence also suggests that long-term NOS inhibition induces expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) in vascular tissues and that PAI-1 may contribute to the development of fibrosis after chemical or ionizing(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that pharmacological plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 inhibition protects against renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system-induced cardiovascular injury, the effect of a novel orally active small-molecule PAI-1 inhibitor, PAI-039, was examined in a mouse model of angiotensin (Ang) II-induced vascular remodeling and(More)
Previous studies indicate that the vasodilator response to bradykinin (BK) and other endothelium-dependent and -independent agonists is decreased in black Americans compared with white Americans. The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of ethnicity on fibrinolytic function in humans. Graded doses of BK (100, 200, and 400 ng/min),(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that angiotensin promotes oxidative stress and inflammation in humans via aldosterone and the mineralocorticoid receptor. We measured the effect of intravenous aldosterone (0.7 mug/kg per hour for 10 hours followed by 0.9 mug/kg per hour for 4 hours) and vehicle in a randomized, double-blind crossover study in 11(More)
The BMAL2 gene encodes a member of the basic helix-loop-helix PER-ARNT-SIM family of transcription factors, which control diverse physiological processes including circadian rhythms. We identified four novel human BMAL2 transcripts that differ by alternative splicing within their NH2-terminal regions. Divergent expression of these and previously reported(More)
ACE inhibition reduces plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), a risk factor for myocardial infarction, whereas the effect of angiotensin receptor antagonism on PAI-1 is uncertain. The present study compares the time course of effects of ACE inhibition and angiotensin type 1 (AT1) receptor antagonism on morning plasma PAI-1 antigen. Blood pressure and(More)
The effect of intravenous recombinant human tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) was compared with that of urokinase in 45 patients with angiographically documented pulmonary embolism (PE) in a randomised controlled trial. The two principal end-points were clot lysis at 2 h, as assessed by angiography, and pulmonary reperfusion at 24 h, as assessed by(More)
Few haematological or lipid risk factors have been identified for stroke, by contrast with coronary heart disease. To find out whether a marker of endogenous fibrinolytic function might be associated with stroke risk, we measured tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) antigen concentrations in baseline plasma samples from 88 healthy participants in the(More)