Douglas E. Rawlings

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Microorganisms are used in large-scale heap or tank aeration processes for the commercial extraction of a variety of metals from their ores or concentrates. These include copper, cobalt, gold and, in the past, uranium. The metal solubilization processes are considered to be largely chemical with the microorganisms providing the chemicals and the space(More)
BACKGROUND Acidithiobacillus caldus is a sulfur oxidizing extreme acidophile and the only known mesothermophile within the Acidithiobacillales. As such, it is one of the preferred microbes for mineral bioprocessing at moderately high temperatures. In this study, we explore the genomic diversity of A. caldus strains using a combination of bioinformatic and(More)
Acidithiobacillus caldus is a moderately thermophilic, acidophilic bacterium that has been reported to be the dominant sulfur oxidizer in stirred-tank processes used to treat gold-bearing arsenopyrite ores. It is also widely distributed in heap reactors used for the extraction of metals from ores. Not only are these bacteria commercially important, they(More)
An understanding of biofilm formation is relevant to the design of biological strategies to improve the efficiency of the bioleaching process and to prevent environmental damages caused by acid mine/rock drainage. For this reason, our laboratory is focused on the characterization of the molecular mechanisms involved in biofilm formation in different(More)
During a search for genes encoding electron transport proteins from a Thiobacillus ferroxidans ATCC 33020 gene bank, a 19.8 kb plasmid, pTF5, which conferred increased sensitivity to the antimicrobial agent metronidazole upon an Escherichia coli mutant, was isolated and cloned in E. coli. The plasmid had an identical restriction enzyme map to a plasmid(More)
The gene for gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (gshA) from Thiobacillus ferrooxidans was isolated from a family of cosmids by its ability to complement an Escherichia coli gshA trxA double mutant which was unable to grow on minimal medium lacking glutathione. The predicted sequence of the gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase was found to have only 18% amino(More)
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