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Delayed cerebral ischemia is the major cause of death and disability in patients who initially survive an aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). In the present study, a protocol for prophylactic hypertensive hypervolemic hemodilution ("triple-H" therapy) was utilized in the treatment of SAH, and the response of cerebral blood flow (CBF) was evaluated.(More)
Diamond Park is a social virtual reality system in which m ultiple geographically separated users can speak to each other and participate in joint activities. The central theme of the park is cycling. Human visitors to the park are represented by 3D animated avatars and can explore a square mile of 3D terrain. In addition to human visitors, the park hosts a(More)
The medical community has not yet identified cerebrovascular pathophysiological factors that distinguish patients at high risk for stroke or aid in selecting patients for microvascular cerebral bypass. In this study, we describe the courses of 13 patients, all of whom suffered recurrent episodes of transient cerebral ischemia after previous cerebral(More)
Resection of skull base tumors may sometimes result in massive extirpation defects that are not amenable to local tissue closure. Closure of large basicranial defects can be performed with either a myocutaneous, a deepithelialized myocutaneous, or a simple muscle free flap designed from the ample rectus abdominis vascular territory. This free-tissue donor(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this article is to outline our methods for the prevention and management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak after transtemporal skull base surgery. METHODS A total of 589 patients underwent a variety of transtemporal surgical approaches for the extirpation of skull base tumors at our institution from July 1988 to October 1999. The(More)
Resection of large skull base tumors may sometimes result in extirpation defects that are not amenable to local tissue closure. Patients with these tumors require free tissue transfer for closure of the intracranial space after basicranial tumor extirpation. The deep inferior epigastric artery supplies the rectus abdominis muscle and the skin and(More)
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common, chronic, disabling anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent obsessive thoughts and uncontrolled repetitive acts. Although many patients respond to various pharmacological treatments, there is a cohort of patients with intractable or refractory disease. The authors present the case of a patient with(More)
The history of psychosurgery is described and analyzed. This historical perspective largely begins with analysis of the work of Egas Moniz in the development of the leukotomy, and follows the rise and fall of its popularity in the 1900s. The reemergence of psychosurgical procedures and the development of new therapeutic technologies such as vagus nerve(More)
OBJECT Vestibular schwannoma surgery has evolved as new therapeutic options have emerged, patients' expectations have risen, and the psychological effect of facial nerve paralysis has been studied. For large vestibular schwannomas for which extirpation is the primary therapy, the goals remain complete tumor resection and maintenance of normal neurological(More)