Douglas D. Thomas

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Nitric oxide (NO) has earned the reputation of being a signaling mediator with many diverse and often opposing biological activities. The diversity in response to this simple diatomic molecule comes from the enormous variety of chemical reactions and biological properties associated with it. In the past few years, the importance of steady-state NO(More)
NO produced in tumors can either positively or negatively regulate growth. To examine this dichotomy, effects of NO concentration and duration on the posttranslational regulation of several key proteins were examined in human breast MCF7 cells under aerobic conditions. We found that different concentration thresholds of NO appear to elicit a discrete set of(More)
The impact of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis on different biological cascades can rapidly change dependent on the rate of NO formation and composition of the surrounding milieu. With this perspective, we used diaminonaphthalene (DAN) and diaminofluorescein (DAF) to examine the nitrosative chemistry derived from NO and superoxide (O2-) simultaneously generated(More)
This review addresses many of the chemical aspects of nitrosative stress mediated by N2O3. From a cellular perspective, N2O3 and the resulting reactive nitrogen oxide species target specific motifs such as thiols, lysine active sites, and zinc fingers and is dependant upon both the rates of production as well as consumption of NO and must be taken into(More)
Nitric oxide (nitrogen monoxide, NO) plays a veritable cornucopia of regulatory roles in normal physiology. In contrast, NO has also been implicated in the etiology and sequela of numerous neurodegenerative diseases that involve reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitrogen oxide species (RNOS). In this setting, NO is often viewed solely as pathogenic;(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are of central importance in the proteolytic remodeling of matrix and the generation of biologically active molecules. MMPs are distinguished by a conserved catalytic domain containing a zinc ion, as well as a prodomain that regulates enzyme activation by modulation of a cysteine residue within that domain. Because nitric(More)
Endogenous formation of nitric oxide (NO) and related nitrogen oxides in the vascular system is critical to regulation of multiple physiological functions. An imbalance in the production or availability of these species can result in progression of disease. Nitrogen oxide research in the cardiovascular system has primarily focused on the effects of NO and(More)
The nitroxyl (HNO) donor Angeli's salt (Na(2)N(2)O(3); AS) is cytotoxic in vitro, inducing double strand DNA breaks and base oxidation, yet may have pharmacological application in the treatment of cardiovascular disease. The chemical profiles of AS and synthetic peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)) in aerobic solution were recently compared, and AS was found to form a(More)
It is well established that nitric oxide ((•)NO) reacts with cellular iron and thiols to form dinitrosyliron complexes (DNIC). Little is known, however, regarding their formation and biological fate. Our quantitative measurements reveal that cellular concentrations of DNIC are proportionally the largest of all (•)NO-derived adducts (900 pmol/mg protein, or(More)
Investigations on the biological effects of nitric oxide (NO) derived from nitric oxide synthase (NOS) have led to an explosion in biomedical research over the last decade. The chemistry of this diatomic radical is key to its biological effects. Recently, nitroxyl (HNO/NO(-)) has been proposed to be another important constituent of NO biology. However,(More)