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All attempts at treating strokes by pharmacologically reducing the human brain's vulnerability to ischaemia have failed, leaving stroke as a leading cause of death, disability and massive socioeconomic loss worldwide. Over decades, research has failed to translate over 1,000 experimental treatments from discovery in cells and rodents to use in humans, a(More)
Nimodipine improved outcome in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) although hypotension limited the dose that could be administered systemically. Subarachnoid delivery of nicardipine or nimodipine may be more efficacious. We tested the efficacy of cisternal application of sustained release nicardipine and nimodipine in SAH in monkeys and dogs,(More)
Neural stem/progenitor cell (NSPC) transplantation is a promising therapy for spinal cord injury (SCI). However, little is known about NSPC from the adult human spinal cord as a donor source. We demonstrate for the first time that multipotent and self-renewing NSPC can be cultured, passaged and transplanted from the adult human spinal cord of organ(More)
Previous work showed that a post-neuritotomy rise in [Ca2+]i is required for regeneration. We tested the following hypotheses in cultured sympathetic neurons: (1) blocking L-type channels at the time of injury inhibits regeneration; (2) enhancing Ca2+ entry through L-type Ca2+ channels enhances regeneration; (3) L-type Ca2+ channel distribution is(More)
Despite the discovery of several promising neuroprotective therapies in rodent models of stroke, no therapy other than the fibrinolytics has been found to be effective in human clinical trials. To address potential discrepancies between rodent and human studies, the Stroke Therapy Academic Industry Roundtable (STAIR) committee suggested that nonhuman(More)
A protection measure based on a simple model of a protection system is presented. The measure shows how closely a computer system adheres to the principle of minimum privilege. Its application to the operating system of the Cambridge University CAP computer is described and ways of bringing the operating system closer to a state of minimum privilege are(More)
OBJECTIVES Central neurocytoma is a tumour that typically occurs in young adults in close association with the lateral and third ventricles of the cerebrum. METHODS We report the unusual case of a central neurocytoma that developed in the fourth ventricle of a 59-year-old woman and metastasized to the upper cervical canal. Subtotal excision and adjuvant(More)
OBJECT Hyperperfusion is believed to be the cause of transient neurological events (TNEs) in patients with moyamoya disease (MMD) who have undergone an extracranial-to-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass between the superficial temporal artery (STA) and the middle cerebral artery (MCA). The objective of this study was to evaluate this possibility by analyzing(More)
It has recently been demonstrated that L-type calcium channel antagonism with the fluorescent dihydropyridine DM-BODIPY-dihydropyridine (DMBD) inhibits neurite regeneration in rat superior cervical ganglia (SCG). The neuritogenic effects of inosine have been described in various models and the mechanism is thought to be N-kinase dependent. Because of the(More)