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The super-kdr insecticide resistance trait of the house fly confers resistance to pyrethroids and DDT by reducing the sensitivity of the fly nervous system. The super-kdr genetic locus is tightly linked to the Vssc1 gene, which encodes a voltage-sensitive sodium channel alpha subunit that is the principal site of pyrethroid action. DNA sequence analysis of(More)
The Krüppel (Kr) locus is a member of the 'gap' class of segmentation genes of Drosophila melanogaster. Mutations at the Kr locus cause the deletion of contiguous segments from the embryonic body pattern. We have elucidated the spatial and temporal characteristics of Kr gene expression during early embryo development, the localization of cytoplasmic Kr+(More)
Drosophila melanogaster cuticular pheromones consist of unsaturated hydrocarbons with at least one double bond in position 7: 7 tricosene (T) in males and 7,11 heptacosadiene (HD) in females. However, in many African populations like the Tai strain, females possess low levels of 7,11 HD and high levels of its positional isomer 5,9 HD. We have previously(More)
In this investigation, we examined the effects of different unsaturated fatty acid compositions of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on the growth-inhibiting effects of ethanol. The unsaturated fatty acid (UFA) composition of S. cerevisiae is relatively simple, consisting almost exclusively of the mono-UFAs palmitoleic acid (Delta(9)Z-C(16:1)) and oleic acid(More)
Voltage-sensitive sodium channels encoded by a full-length cDNA corresponding to the Vssc1 gene of the house fly (Musca domestica) were expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes either alone or in combination with the tipE gene product of Drosophila melanogaster and were characterized by two-electrode voltage clamp. Vssc1 cRNA alone produced very small (50-150(More)
Acyl-CoA delta 9-desaturases play essential roles in fatty acid metabolism and the regulation of cell membrane fluidity. In this research, a cDNA sequence was obtained from Trichoplusia ni adult fat body mRNA by using RT-PCR with degenerate primers based on other characterized delta 9-desaturase sequences. The remainder of the sequence was amplified using(More)
The demonstration that a specific messenger RNA can be functionally inactivated in vivo by hybridization to complementary polynucleotide sequences suggests a direct approach to the study of gene function in cells of higher organisms. The experiments described here were designed to inhibit, by complementary RNA sequences, a specific gene function affecting(More)
The term "knockdown resistance" is used to describe cases of resistance to diphenylethane (e.g. DDT) and pyrethroid insecticides in insects and other arthropods that result from reduced sensitivity of the nervous system. Knockdown resistance, first identified and characterized in the house fly (Musca domestica) in the 1950's, remains a threat to the(More)
Lepidopteran insects use sex pheromones derived from fatty acids in their species-specific mate recognition system. Desaturases play a particularly prominent role in the generation of structural diversity in lepidopteran pheromone biosynthesis as a result of the diverse enzymatic properties they have evolved. These enzymes are homologous to the integral(More)
The structural gene beta-Gal-1 encoding a beta-galactosidase (EC 3.2.1.23) of Drosophila melanogaster has been mapped by two independent genetic approaches. In the first, gene dosage dependent variation in beta-galactosidase activity levels in segmental aneuploids, generated from crosses of Y-autosome translocation stocks, was determined quantitatively. A(More)