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The Krüppel (Kr) locus is a member of the 'gap' class of segmentation genes of Drosophila melanogaster. Mutations at the Kr locus cause the deletion of contiguous segments from the embryonic body pattern. We have elucidated the spatial and temporal characteristics of Kr gene expression during early embryo development, the localization of cytoplasmic Kr+(More)
Voltage-sensitive sodium channels encoded by a full-length cDNA corresponding to the Vssc1 gene of the house fly (Musca domestica) were expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes either alone or in combination with the tipE gene product of Drosophila melanogaster and were characterized by two-electrode voltage clamp. Vssc1 cRNA alone produced very small (50-150(More)
In this investigation, we examined the effects of different unsaturated fatty acid compositions of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on the growth-inhibiting effects of ethanol. The unsaturated fatty acid (UFA) composition of S. cerevisiae is relatively simple, consisting almost exclusively of the mono-UFAs palmitoleic acid (Delta(9)Z-C(16:1)) and oleic acid(More)
The demonstration that a specific messenger RNA can be functionally inactivated in vivo by hybridization to complementary polynucleotide sequences suggests a direct approach to the study of gene function in cells of higher organisms. The experiments described here were designed to inhibit, by complementary RNA sequences, a specific gene function affecting(More)
Lepidopteran insects use sex pheromones derived from fatty acids in their species-specific mate recognition system. Desaturases play a particularly prominent role in the generation of structural diversity in lepidopteran pheromone biosynthesis as a result of the diverse enzymatic properties they have evolved. These enzymes are homologous to the integral(More)
Sequence analysis of cDNA clones amplified by PCR from house fly ( Musca domestica L.) Vssc1 voltage-sensitive sodium channel alpha subunit transcript templates identified 11 putative alternatively spliced exons. Nine of these corresponded to the 7 optional exons (designated a, b, e, f, h, i, and j) and 2 mutually exclusive exons (designated c/d) identified(More)
Mutations of the maternal effect locus pelle (pll) cause dorsalized Drosophila embryos. In extreme mutants, the embryo develops into a long hollow tube of dorsal cuticular structures with no sign of ventral pattern elements. Injection of wild-type cytoplasm or poly(A)+RNA into mutant pll embryos partially restores the normal pattern. Rescuing activity is(More)
1. In assays of 36Cl- uptake into mouse brain vesicles, 100 microM GABA markedly increased both the initial rate of 36Cl- uptake and the total amount of chloride taken up over a 120-sec incubation period. Specific GABA-dependent 36Cl- uptake (the difference between total and background uptake) was essentially complete within 15 sec of incubation. 2.(More)
Where previously described, patterns of sex chromosome dosage compensation in the Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies) have several unusual characteristics. Other female-heterogametic (ZW/ZZ) species exhibit female Z-linked expression that is reduced compared with autosomal expression and male Z expression. In the Lepidoptera, however, Z expression typically(More)
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