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OBJECTIVE Observational study designed to determine weight outcomes and associated dietary intake patterns for a sample of participants > or =1 year after completing the University of Alabama at Birmingham EatRight Weight Management Program. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Seventy-four former participants (64% women) completed follow-up visits > or =1(More)
CONTEXT Orlistat, a gastrointestinal lipase inhibitor that reduces dietary fat absorption by approximately 30%, may promote weight loss and reduce cardiovascular risk factors. OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that orlistat combined with dietary intervention is more effective than placebo plus diet for weight loss and maintenance over 2 years. DESIGN(More)
To test whether changes in folate and vitamin B12 nutrition modify the severity of potentially premalignant lesions identified by cytology in sputum samples of smokers, we conducted a randomized, controlled prospective intervention trial in smokers with bronchial squamous metaplasia. Seventy-three men with a history of 20 or more pack-years of cigarette(More)
Objective. To determine whether 24 hr dietary recalls (DR) are a good measure of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) intake when compared to plasma levels, and whether plasma PUFA is associated with markers of HIV/AIDS progression and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Methods. In a cross-sectional study among 210 antiretroviral therapy-naïve HIV-infected(More)
OBJECTIVES We previously reported that women polymorphic for the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene were less likely to have cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2 or 3 (odds ratio [OR] 0.40, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.21-0.78, P = 0.007). In the present study, we tested whether this protective association is modified by circulating(More)
Although cervical cancer is a common female cancer, little attention has been given to genetic susceptibility factors. The present case-control study was undertaken to examine MTHFR polymorphism as a potential molecular marker of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) susceptibility and to relate the findings to smoking, HPV infection, ethnicity, parity(More)
This provocative commentary critically examines historic definitions for adult malnutrition syndromes as they apply to developed countries with modern healthcare. To stimulate further discussion, the authors propose an updated approach that incorporates current understanding of the systemic inflammatory response to help guide assessment, diagnosis, and(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this paper is to analyze the social organization of caring as gendered work as it relates to meal preparation and consumption activities surrounding older adult cancer patients and their caregivers. METHODS Qualitative methods consisting of in-depth, semi-structured, face-to-face interviews with 30 older cancer patients (17 women(More)
PURPOSE This study was conducted to evaluate the clinical significance of the localization of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-r), transforming growth factor (TGF)-alpha, and erbB-2 in the development, progression and prognosis of squamous cell cancers (SCCs) of the lung. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The localization of EGF-r, TGF-alpha, and erbB-2 was(More)
Correlation of elevated levels of the lipogenic enzyme, fatty acid synthase (FASE), with advanced stages of some cancers has drawn attention to this enzyme as a possible marker of poor prognosis. Because recent studies have shown that cancer cells are dependent on fatty acid synthetic activity and pharmacologic inhibitors of this enzyme are selectively(More)