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We have analyzed the biophysical and pharmacological properties of five cloned K+ (Kv) channels (Kv1.1, Kv1.2, Kv1.3, Kv1.5, and Kv3.1) stably expressed in mammalian cell lines. Kv1.1 is biophysically similar to a K+ channel in C6 glioma cells and astrocytes, Kv1.3 and Kv3.1 have electrophysiological properties identical to those of the types n and l K+(More)
The nonpeptide agent CP-339,818 (1-benzyl-4-pentylimino-1,4-dihydroquinoline) and two analogs (CP-393,223 and CP-394,322) that differ only with respect to the type of substituent at the N1 position, potently blocked the Kv1.3 channel in T lymphocytes. A fourth compound (CP-393,224), which has a smaller and less-lipophilic group at N1, was 100-200-fold less(More)
The architecture of the pore-region of a voltage-gated K+ channel, Kv1.3, was probed using four high affinity scorpion toxins as molecular calipers. We established the structural relatedness of these toxins by solving the structures of kaliotoxin and margatoxin and comparing them with the published structure of charybdotoxin; a homology model of noxiustoxin(More)
The anti-tumor properties of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 9 agonist CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) are enhanced by combinations with several cytotoxic chemotherapy regimens. The mechanisms of this added benefit, however, remain unclear. We now report that, similar to the depletion of regulatory T cells (Treg) using anti-CD25, paclitaxel increased the(More)
Human tumor and febroblast tissue culture cells were compared to determine the suitability of fibroblasts as control cells in experiments on human tumor serology and cellular immunology. Fibroblasts expressed the same HL-A antigen profile as did melanoma cells. Furthermore, the quantitative expression of the determinants was similar on both cell types. In(More)
1. UK-78,282, a novel piperidine blocker of the T lymphocyte voltage-gated K+ channel, Kv1.3, was discovered by screening a large compound file using a high-throughput 86Rb efflux assay. This compound blocks Kv1.3 with a IC50 of approximately 200 nM and 1:1 stoichiometry. A closely related compound, CP-190,325, containing a benzyl moiety in place of the(More)
Tenidap is a new antiarthritic drug of novel chemical structure. This study shows the effects of tenidap on the in vitro synthesis of interleukin 1 (IL-1). IL-1 production by murine peritoneal macrophages was induced either by stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or by phagocytosis of zymosan. With either stimulus, tenidap inhibited IL-1 production as(More)
Expression of voltage-gated K+ channels in mAb-defined T cell subsets from normal mice and mice with experimental autoimmune arthritis was studied with the patch-clamp whole-cell recording technique in combination with fluorescence microscopy. CD4+CD8- Th cells from DBA/1 LacJ mice with type II collagen arthritis expressed low levels of type n K+ channels,(More)
Tremelimumab (CP-675,206) is a fully human monoclonal antibody specific for human cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4, CD152) in clinical development for patients with cancer. Blocking the CTLA-4 negative costimulatory receptor with the antagonistic antibody tremelimumab results in immune activation. Administration of tremelimumab to(More)