Douglas Brungart

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Although most recent multitalker research has emphasized the importance of binaural cues, monaural cues can play an equally important role in the perception of multiple simultaneous speech signals. In this experiment, the intelligibility of a target phrase masked by a single competing masker phrase was measured as a function of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR)(More)
Although many researchers have examined the role that binaural cues play in the perception of spatially separated speech signals, relatively little is known about the cues that listeners use to segregate competing speech messages in a monaural or diotic stimulus. This series of experiments examined how variations in the relative levels and voice(More)
Although researchers have long recognized the unique properties of the head-related transfer function (HRTF) for nearby sources (within 1 m of the listener's head), virtually all of the HRTF measurements described in the literature have focused on source locations 1 m or farther from the listener. In this study, HRTFs for sources at distances from 0.12 to 1(More)
When a target speech signal is obscured by an interfering speech wave form, comprehension of the target message depends both on the successful detection of the energy from the target speech wave form and on the successful extraction and recognition of the spectro-temporal energy pattern of the target out of a background of acoustically similar masker(More)
Although many researchers have examined auditory localization for relatively distant sound sources, little is known about the spatial perception of nearby sources. In the region within 1 m of a listener's head, defined as the "proximal region," the interaural level difference increases dramatically as the source approaches the head, while the interaural(More)
Three experiments used the Coordinated Response Measure task to examine the roles that differences in F0 and differences in vocal-tract length have on the ability to attend to one of two simultaneous speech signals. The first experiment asked how increases in the natural F0 difference between two sentences (originally spoken by the same talker) affected(More)
A series of experiments has examined the auditory localization of a nearby (< 1 m) sound source under four conditions: (1) a fixed-amplitude condition where loudness-based distance cues were available; (2) a monaural condition where the contralateral ear was occluded by an ear-plug and muff; (3) a high-pass condition where the stimulus bandwidth was 3 Hz to(More)
Historically, most of the metrics that have been used to evaluate the effectiveness of military communications systems have focused on measuring the intelligibility of a single talker in the presence of a continuous noise masker. However, many critical military operations involve complex communications tasks that require listeners to monitor, process, and(More)
Four response methods for indicating the perceived locations of nearby objects were evaluated: the direct-location (DL) method, where a response pointer is moved directly to the perceived location of the target; the large-head (LH) and small-head (SH) methods, where the pointer is moved to the target location relative to a full-scale or half-scale manikin(More)