Douglas Bower

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Twenty-eight day feeding studies were conducted to evaluate the repeated dose toxicity of NMP, a widely used industrial solvent, in Crl:CD BR rats and B6C3F1 mice. Groups of 5 male and 5 female rats each were fed either 0, 2,000, 6,000, 18,000, or 30,000 ppm NMP; similar groups of mice were fed either 0, 500, 2,500, 7,500, or 10,000 ppm. In vivo parameters,(More)
Fifteen Alzheimer patients were treated with increasing doses of vinpocetine (30, 45, and 60 mg per day) in an open-label pilot trial during a one-year period. Patients were assessed seven times both on and off drug with: the Buschke Selective Reminding Task, a letter fluency test, a category fluency test, the Boston Naming Test, a cognitive capacity(More)
During exercise, reflex renal vasoconstriction maintains blood pressure and helps in redistributing blood flow to the contracting muscle. Exercise intolerance in heart failure (HF) is thought to involve diminished perfusion in active muscle. We studied the temporal relationship between static handgrip (HG) and renal blood flow velocity (RBV; duplex(More)
Static exercise causes activation of the sympathetic nervous system, which results in increased blood pressure (BP) and renal vascular resistance (RVR). The question arises as to whether renal vasoconstriction that occurs during static exercise is due to sympathetic activation and/or related to a pressure-dependent renal autoregulatory mechanism. To address(More)
Male rats with indwelling jugular catheters were exposed to inescapable shock or no shock, and ambulation and defecation were measured 24 h later in an open field. Plasma catecholamine levels were determined from blood samples taken before and during pretreatment as well as before and after testing for aftereffects on open-field behavior. Shocked animals(More)
Methods are described for rearing large quantities of Ditylenchus dipsaci on alfalfa tissues. Nematodes and alfalfa seed were disinfected and nematodes were reared in quantities sufficient to provide a continuous supply of inoculum for our alfalfa-breeding program. Nematodes reproduced best in darkness at 20-25 C. Cultures reached maximum numbers in 3-6 wk.