Douglas Bittel

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OBJECTIVE To determine whether phenotypic differences exist among individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome with either type I or type II deletions of chromosome 15 or maternal disomy 15 leading to a better understanding of cause and pathophysiology of this classical genetic syndrome. METHODS We analyzed clinical, anthropometric, and behavioral data in 12(More)
OBJECTIVE To screen cDNA for NLGN3 and NLGN4 from lymphoblastoid cells from autistic subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS 10 young autistic females and 30 non-autistic subjects were studied for alterations in two X linked genes, NLGN3 and NLGN4. A novel NLGN4 isoform lacking exon 4, which occurred de novo on the paternal allele, was identified in one of the(More)
Autism is a heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorder with a 3-4 times higher sex ratio in males than females. X chromosome genes may contribute to this higher sex ratio through unusual skewing of X chromosome inactivation. We studied X chromosome skewness in 30 females with classical autism and 35 similarly aged unaffected female siblings as controls using(More)
Prader-Willi syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is characterized by infantile hypotonia, feeding difficulties, hypogonadism, mental deficiency, hyperphagia (leading to obesity in early childhood), learning problems, and behavioral difficulties. A paternal 15q11-q13 deletion is found in approximately 70% of patients with Prader-Willi syndrome,(More)
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is due to loss of paternally expressed genes in the 15q11-q13 region generally from a paternal 15q11-q13 deletion. The proximal deletion breakpoint in the 15q11-q13 region occurs at one of two sites located within either of two large duplicons allowing for identification of two typical deletion subgroups. The larger type I (TI)(More)
BACKGROUND Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), the most common genetic cause of marked obesity, is caused by genomic imprinting and loss of expression of paternal genes in the 15q11-q13 region. There is a paucity of data examining simultaneous gene expression in this syndrome. METHODS We generated cDNA microarrays representing 73 non-redundant genes/transcripts(More)
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that arises from lack of expression of paternally inherited genes known to be imprinted and located in the chromosome 15q11-q13 region. PWS is considered the most common syndromal cause of life-threatening obesity and is estimated at 1 in 10,000 to 20,000 individuals. A de novo paternally derived(More)
Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is the most commonly observed conotruncal congenital heart defect. Treatment of these patients has evolved dramatically in the last few decades, yet a genetic explanation is lacking for the failure of cardiac development for the majority of children with TOF. Our goal was to perform genome wide analyses and characterize expression(More)
Autism (MIM 209850) is an early onset neurodevelopmental disorder with a prevalence rate of at least 5 in 10 000 people and belongs to a group of heterogeneous diseases known as autism spectrum disorders (ASD), including autism, Asperger syndrome, and the prototypical pervasive development disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). Affected subjects have(More)
BACKGROUND The importance of noncoding RNAs (ncRNA), especially microRNAs (miRNAs), for maintaining stability in the developing vertebrate heart has recently become apparent; however, there is little known about the expression pattern of ncRNA in the human heart with developmental anomalies. METHODS AND RESULTS We examined the expression of miRNAs and(More)