Douglas Bain

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Neurons are polarized secretory cells whose cytoplasm and plasma membrane are polarized to form two compartments: dendrites and axons. In mature, fully polarized neurons, the microtubule-associated protein Map2 is targeted to dendrites, while tau is mainly restricted to axons. However, the intraneuronal distribution of secretory pathway organelles, such as(More)
The Lesch-Nyhan syndrome is an X-linked disorder caused by a virtually complete absence of the key enzyme of purine recycling, hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT). It is characterized by uric acid overproduction and severe neurological dysfunction. No treatment is yet available for the latter symptoms. A possible long-term solution is gene(More)
Low-density primary cultures of neocortical neurons were utilized to examine: (i) early interactions of growing neurites with morphological characteristics of axons with other neuronal elements, and (ii) the distribution of presynaptic axonal varicosities closely apposed to MAP-2 immunoreactive, putatively postsynaptic, dendrites. At the light microscopical(More)
The expectation that cell-mediated immunity is important in the control of feline leukemia virus (FeLV) infection led us to test a DNA vaccine administered alone or with cytokines that favored the development of a Th1 immune response. The vaccine consisted of two plasmids, one expressing the gag/pol genes and the other expressing the env gene of(More)
The ability of sodium butyrate and dexamethasone to promote adrenergic differentiation in PC12 cells was examined using the gene encoding the epinephrine biosynthetic enzyme, phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PNMT), as a marker. Sodium butyrate and dexamethasone independently stimulated expression of PNMT mRNA in PC12 cells, and the combined action of(More)
We constructed three recombinant vectors derived from the herpes simplex virus type 1 mutant tsK, each of which contained a different transgene under the control of the herpes simplex virus type 1 immediate early 3 promoter inserted into the thymidine kinase locus: the prokaryotic enzymes beta-galactosidase and chloramphenicol acetyl transferase, and a(More)
OBJECTIVES We aimed to examine the characteristics of deep venous flow in the leg in a cast and the effects of a wearable neuromuscular stimulator (geko; FirstKind Ltd) and also to explore the participants' tolerance of the stimulator. METHODS This is an open-label physiological study on ten healthy volunteers. Duplex ultrasonography of the superficial(More)
HSV-1 amplicon vectors were used to express either a cytoplasmic (beta-galactosidase) or a membrane targeted protein (TIMP-Thy1) in primary neuronal cultures, and a human astrocytoma cell line. Whereas some cells became infected by vector particles alone others were simultaneously infected by both vector and helper particles. Our results show that IEHCMV(More)
Objectives We aimed to examine the characteristics of deep venous flow in the leg in a cast and the effects of a wearable neuromuscular stimulator (geko; FirstKind Ltd) and also to explore the participants' tolerance of the stimulator. Methods This is an open-label physiological study on ten healthy volunteers. Duplex ultrasonography of the superficial(More)
HSV-1 derived amplicons expressing cytoplasmic beta-galactosidase (pA-SF1), or plasma membrane targeted TIMP-Thy1 (pA-TT1), were used to transduce glial cells in vitro. By monitoring the expression of reporter genes from both amplicons and helper virus, we determined that many cells were infected by both particles. In glial cells infected only by pA-SF1(More)