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The Neighborhood Context of Police Behavior
A number of researchers have hypothesized that neighborhood context may influence police behavior. Data from sixty neighborhoods located in three large U. S. cities were analyzed using bivariate and
Crime, punishment, and stake in conformity: Legal and informal control of domestic violence.
Deterrence theories and labeling theories offer inconsistent predictions about the relative impact of legal and informal controls on the subsequent criminal activities of arrested persons. In a
Street-Level Justice: Situational Determinants of Police Arrest Decisions
In this paper we examine variations in police arrest practices. Data collected in 1977 from police encounters with suspects indicate that arrest practices reflect legal and extra-legal factors. The
The Organizational Context of Legal Control
This article examines interorganizational variation in determinants of police arrest decisions. Drawing on Wilson, we identify four types of police agencies by cross-classifying levels of
Police Response to Interpersonal Violence: Defining the Parameters of Legal Control
This paper examines factors influencing how police handle violence between citizens. Police decision-making in violent encounters reflects styles of control, three of which are considered in this
The Gender Gap in Theories of Deviance: Issues and Evidence
With few exceptions, the development of theories of deviance and delinquency has evolved along gender-specific lines. Mainstream theories have usually been formulated to explain the deviant behavior
STRAINED LIVES AND CRIME: EXAMINING INTRA‐INDIVIDUAL VARIATION IN STRAIN AND OFFENDING IN A SAMPLE OF INCARCERATED WOMEN*
When applied to the study of changes in an individual's offending, general strain theory posits that individuals will be more likely to offend during periods of high strain. Using 36 months of
Police Control of Interpersonal Disputes
This paper examines factors which influence police arrest decisions in interpersonal disputes. We analyze data from direct observation of police-citizen encounters and find that decisions are
The social organization of self-help: A study of defensive weapon ownership.
Using Donald Black's theory of self-help, and drawing on the collective security model and the "fear and loathing" hypothesis, this paper examines factors influencing defensive weapon ownership.
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