Douglas A. Vakoch

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Until recently most models of word recognition have assumed that semantic auditory naming effects come into play only after the identification of the word in question. What little evidence exists for early semantic effects in word recognition lexical decision has relied primarily on priming manipulations using the lexical decision task, and has used visual(More)
Two parallel tasks involving rule learning were used to assess implicit and explicit learning. The complex task (occurring in the complex rule-line condition) involves predominantly implicit learning, and the simple task (occurring in the simple rule-number condition) requires primarily explicit learning. Implicit learning clearly showed negative transfer(More)
This study investigated the effects of linguistic experience on tone perception. Both Cantonese (in Experiment 1) and Mandarin (in Experiment 2) tones, including both lexical and nonlexical tones, were presented to three groups of subjects: Cantonese, Mandarin, and English native speakers. Subjects were asked to determine whether two auditorily presented(More)
In this compelling book, leading scientists and historians explore the Drake Equation, which guides modern astrobiology’s search for life beyond Earth. First used in 1961 as the organizing framework for a conference in Green Bank, West Virginia, it uses seven factors to estimate the number of extraterrestrial civilizations in our galaxy. Using the equation(More)
Although psychotherapists-in-training may rely significantly on their clinical intuitions when first beginning to practice therapy, they quickly discover that much more is required to conduct effective treatment. Increasingly over the past two decades, training manuals have been used to impart explicit guidelines to beginning psychotherapists. In addition,(More)
OVERVIEW Since its inception, the scientific search for extrater-restrial intelligence (SETI) has been recognized as an interdisciplinary effort. It has attracted people not only from the physical and biological sciences, but also from the behavioral and social sciences. There are many areas where anthropologists, economists, futurists, historians,(More)
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