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The expression pattern of tissue-specific promoters in transgenes can be influenced by promoter/enhancer elements employed for the expression of selectable marker genes or elements found in DNA flanking the insertion site. We have developed an analytical system in Arabidopsis thaliana to investigate strategies useful in blocking or reducing nonspecific(More)
A seed coat-specific gene, SCS1 (Seed Coat Subtilisin 1), from soybean, Glycine max [L.] Merill, has been identified and studied. The gene belongs to a small family of genes with sequence similarity to the subtilisins, which are serine proteases. Northern blot analysis showed that SCS1 RNA accumulates to maximal levels in seed coats at 12 days post(More)
The boundary layer approach to analyzing the results of the perfused intestinal segment method of measuring membrane permeabilities is applied to the amino acids; leucine, valine, phenylalanine, lysine and aspartic acid and the beta-lactam antibiotics, cephalexin and penicillin V. The analysis indicates that in determining the membrane parameters, Pw vs. Cw(More)
The genetic structure of populations of the symbiotic nitrogen-fixing soil bacterium Rhizobium meliloti was examined by analysis of electrophoretically demonstrable allelic variation in 14 metabolic, presumably chromosomal, enzyme genes. A total of 232 strains were examined, most of which were isolated from southwest Asia, where there is an unsurpassed(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Hourglass cells (HGCs) are prominent cells in the soybean seed coat, and have potential use as 'phytofactories' to produce specific proteins of interest. Previous studies have shown that HGCs initiate differentiation at about 9 d post-anthesis (dpa), assuming their characteristic morphology by 18 dpa. This study aims to document the(More)
Agropyron desertorum, a grazing-tolerant bunchgrass introduced to the western U.S. from Eurasia, and Agropyron spicatum, a grazing-sensitive bunchgrass native to North America, were examined in the field for photosynthetic capacity, growth, resource allocation, and tiller dynamics. These observations allowed identification of physiological characteristics(More)
Sequence information from multicopy genes has been widely used for phylogenetic inference. Among those sequences analyzed, nuclear 5S rRNA genes, the two internal transcribed spacer regions (ITS1 and ITS2) of the 18S-26S rDNA genes, and the intergenic spacer (IGS) regions of the same 18S-26S rDNA genes have all been used at the specific, generic, familial(More)
  • Tony Svejcar, Raymond Angell, +13 authors Kereith Snyder
  • 2008
Rangelands account for almost half of the earth’s land surface and may play an important role in the global carbon (C) cycle. We studied net ecosystem exchange (NEE) of C on eight North American rangeland sites over a 6-yr period. Management practices and disturbance regimes can influence NEE; for consistency, we compared ungrazed and undisturbed rangelands(More)
One biological need for Ni in marine cyanobacteria stems from the utilization of the Ni metalloenzyme urease for the assimilation of urea as a nitrogen source. In many of the same cyanobacteria, including Synechococcus sp. strain WH8102, an additional and obligate nutrient requirement for Ni results from usage of a Ni superoxide dismutase (Ni-SOD), which is(More)