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The crystallographic structure of Neisseria gonorrhoeae pilin, which assembles into the multifunctional pilus adhesion and virulence factor, reveals an alpha-beta roll fold with a striking 85 A alpha-helical spine and an O-linked disaccharide. Key residues stabilize interactions that allow sequence hypervariability, responsible for pilin's celebrated(More)
Partial left atrial ligation before cardiac septation redistributes intracardiac blood flow and produces left ventricular hypoplasia in the chick. We hypothesized that redistributed intracardiac blood flow adversely alters aortic arch development. We ligated the left atrial appendage with a 10-0 nylon suture at stage 21 chick embryos, then reincubated up to(More)
A crucial ingredient of any hyperthermia procedure is the accurate measurement of achieved temperature. In this paper, we present some accuracy and resolution suggestions and address the problem of temperature measurements when electromagnetic energy is used as the mode of heating. In such cases, conventional metallic thermometers can cause severe errors(More)
A new class of multifunctional nanoparticles that combine properties of polymeric drug carriers, ultrasound imaging contrast agents, and enhancers of ultrasound-mediated drug delivery has been developed. At room temperature, the developed systems comprise perfluorocarbon nanodroplets stabilized by the walls made of biodegradable block copolymers. Upon(More)
Mechanisms by which weak electromagnetic fields may affect biological systems are of current interest because of their potential health effects. Lednev has proposed an ion parametric resonance hypothesis (Lednev, 1991, Bioelectromagnetics, 12:71-75), which predicts that when the ac, frequency of a combined dc-ac magnetic field equals the cyclotron frequency(More)
The effect of high-frequency ultrasound on doxorubicin (DOX) release from Pluronic micelles and intracellular DOX uptake was studied for promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells, ovarian carcinoma drug-sensitive and multidrug-resistant (MDR) cells (A2780 and A2780/ADR, respectively), and breast cancer MCF-7 cells. Cavitation events initiated by high-frequency(More)
The new modality of drug targeting of tumors that we are currently developing is based on drug encapsulation in polymeric micelles, followed by the localized release at the tumor site triggered by focused ultrasound. The rationale behind this approach is that drug encapsulation in micelles decreases systemic concentration of drug, diminishes intracellular(More)
A silicon oxynitride integrated optical waveguide was used to evanescently excite fluorescence from a multianalyte sensor surface in a rapid, sandwich immunoassay format. Multiple analyte immunoassay (MAIA) results for two sets of three different analytes, one employing polyclonal and the other monoclonal capture antibodies, were compared with results for(More)
A custom ultrasonic exposure chamber with real-time fluorescence detection was used to measure acoustically-triggered drug release from Pluronic P-105 micelles under continuous wave (CW) or pulsed ultrasound in the frequency range of 20 to 90 kHz. The measurements were based on the decrease in fluorescence intensity when drug was transferred from the(More)
Pilus fibers are long protein filaments on many pathogenic bacteria that participate in attachment to host cells. Although the self-assembling protein pilin is the major structural component of the Neisseria gonorrhoeae pilus fiber, several other proteins co-purified with pilin through the repeated solubilization-reassociation steps of the biochemical(More)