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We have cloned the human genes coding for desmosomal glycoproteins DGII and DGIII, found in desmosomal cell junctions, and sequencing shows that they are related to the cadherin family of cell adhesion molecules. Thus a new super family of cadherin-like molecules exists which also includes the other major desmosomal glycoprotein, DGI (Wheeler, G. N.,(More)
When fibroblasts first emerge from explants of embryonic chick heart, most mitochondria are clustered tightly around the nucleus, with very few extending towards the leading lamella. Although cytoplasmic microtubules are well displayed, mitochondria do not obviously codistribute with them. As the fibroblasts cease locomotion and adapt to growth, however,(More)
Human embryonic skin fibroblasts have been shown to attach and spread on laminin substrates in the absence of protein synthesis and presence of fibronectin-depleted serum and anti-fibronectin antibodies. Rates of attachment and the type of spreading are virtually identical on fibronectin and laminin-coated substrates with the development of microfilament(More)
The clinical management of neuroendocrine tumours is complex. Such tumours are highly vascular suggesting tumour-related angiogenesis. Adenosine, released during cellular stress, damage and hypoxia, is a major regulator of angiogenesis. Herein, we describe the expression and function of adenosine receptors (A1, A2A, A2B and A3) in neuroendocrine tumours.(More)
Annexins are calcium-binding proteins of unknown function but which are implicated in important cellular processes, including anticoagulation, ion flux regulation, calcium homeostasis, and endocytosis. To gain insight into the function of annexin VI, we performed targeted disruption of its gene in mice. Matings between heterozygous mice produced offspring(More)
Fibronectin (FN), which is already known to be a natural factor for fibroblast spreading on substrata, has now been shown to be essential for two distinct types of adhesion with different biological functions in chick heart fibroblasts, namely adhesion directed toward locomotion and toward stationary anchorage for growth. Manipulation of culture conditions(More)
Although cell adhesion to substrate must ultimately depend on 'sticking' by physical forces at the outer surface, we suggest that control is exercised through the 'grip' of the cytoskeleton. Our experiments indicate that grip can be relaxed by agents which release surface glycoproteins from some form of side-to-side organisation, and can be consolidated by(More)
Neither stratifying (primary keratinocytes) nor simple (Madin-Darby canine kidney [MDCK] and Madin-Darby bovine kidney [MDBK]) epithelial cell types from desmosomes in low calcium medium (LCM; less than 0.1 mM), but they can be induced to do so by raising the calcium level to physiological concentrations (standard calcium medium [SCM], 2 mM). We have used(More)
Extracts of metabolically labeled cultured epithelial cells have been analyzed by immunoprecipitation followed by SDS-PAGE, using antisera to the major high molecular mass proteins and glycoproteins (greater than 100 kD) from desmosomes of bovine muzzle epidermis. For nonstratifying cells (Madin-Darby canine kidney [MDCK] and Madin-Darby bovine kidney), and(More)
As previously shown by others, the fibroblast attachment and spreading activity of fibronectin is mimicked by a short peptide (RGDS or longer) from the cell binding domain. Normal rat kidney fibroblasts showed similar attachment kinetics on either peptide GRGDSC or bovine plasma fibronectin and binding to either substratum was inhibited by peptide alone. We(More)