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This biennial Review summarizes much of particle physics. Using data from previous editions, plus 2158 new measurements from 551 papers, we list, evaluate, and average measured properties of gauge bosons, leptons, quarks, mesons, and baryons. We also summarize searches for hypothetical particles such as Higgs bosons, heavy neutrinos, and supersymmetric(More)
Ecologists are increasingly recognizing the importance of consumers in regulating ecosystem processes such as nutrient cycling. Ecologists have recently made considerable progress in understanding nutrient cycling and trophic interactions in pelagic systems by application of a new concept, ecological stoichiometry, to consumer-driven processes. In this(More)
We used strong inference with Akaike's Information Criterion (AIC) to assess the processes capable of explaining long-term (1984-1995) variation in the per capita rate of change of mottled sculpin (Cottus bairdi) populations in the Coweeta Creek drainage (USA). We sampled two fourthand one fifth-order sites (BCA [uppermost], BCB, and CC [lowermost]) along a(More)
A 32nm logic technology for high performance microprocessors is described. 2 generation high-k + metal gate transistors provide record drive currents at the tightest gate pitch reported for any 32nm or 28nm logic technology. NMOS drive currents are 1.62mA/um Idsat and 0.231mA/um Idlin at 1.0V and 100nA/um Ioff. PMOS drive currents are 1.37mA/um Idsat and(More)
Contractile properties were determined for fast muscle fibres from short-horn sculpin (Myoxocephalus scorpius L.) ranging from 5 to 35 cm total body length (L) and from 2.0 to 758 g body mass. Maximum unloaded shortening velocity (V0) decreased with increasing body size, scaling as 19.5L-0.34, and isometric twitch activation and tetanus relaxation times(More)
Tobacco addiction among persons with serious mental illness (SMI) has been largely ignored. About 75 to 85% of persons with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and other SMI use tobacco; most will either die and/or have reduced quality of life because of tobacco caused medical diseases. Tobacco addiction is the most common co-occurring disorder for the SMI(More)
Exocytosis is a general term used to denote vesicle fusion at the plasma membrane, and it is the final step in the secretory pathway that typically begins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), passes through the Golgi apparatus, and ends at the outside of the cell. Endocytosis refers to the recovery of vesicles from the plasma membrane. Exocytotic vesicle(More)
The role of sucrose synthase (SS) in the fixation of N was examined in the rug4 mutant of pea (Pisum sativum L.) plants in which SS activity was severely reduced. When dependent on nodules for their N supply, the mutant plants were not viable and appeared to be incapable of effective N fixation, although nodule formation was essentially normal. In fact, N(More)