Doug J Kornbrust

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Intravenous infusion of high doses of phosphorothioate oligonucleotides in monkeys has been associated with transient alterations in hematologic and hemodynamic parameters, which appear to be secondary to complement activation. ISIS 2302, a phosphorothioate oligonucleotide specific for human intracellular adhesion molecule-1, was used to further(More)
Experiments were conducted to test the hypothesis that the hepatocarcinogenicity of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is due to its ability to produce DNA damage, either directly or as a result of the proliferation of peroxisomes and accompanying increased production of H2O2 and other DNA--damaging oxygen radicals induced by sustained exposure to the(More)
Administration of lovastatin to animals at high dosage levels produces a broad spectrum of toxicity. This toxicity is expected based on the critical nature of the target enzyme (HMG CoA reductase) and the magnitude of the dosage levels used. The information reviewed in this paper demonstrates that these adverse findings in animals do not predict significant(More)
Simvastatin, a hydroxy-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitor intended for use as a hypocholesterolemic agent, has undergone a thorough preclinical toxicology evaluation. This review describes preclinical toxicology findings associated with simvastatin administration in animals and provides the rationale for our conclusion that these changes are not(More)
The systemic toxicity of two phosphorothioate oligonucleotides specific for herpes simplex viruses (ISIS 1082) and human papiloma virus (ISIS 2105) were evaluated following repeated intradermal injections of vehicle control, 0.33, 2.17, or 21.7 mg/kg daily to Sprague-Dawley rats (10/sex/group) for 14 days. Animals were sacrificed 1 day after the last dose,(More)
Several variations on the standard primary rat hepatocyte DNA/repair assay were evaluated for their ability to enhance the sensitivity of this genotoxicity test system. The use of hamster hepatocytes proved to be a much more sensitive system than rat hepatocytes for detecting the DNA repair inducing ability of the nitrosamines, dimethylnitrosamine and(More)
Silica or volcanic ash (VA) was administered to rats via intratracheal instillation and the changes in extracellular (i.e., lavage fluid) and tissue phospholipids, as well as various biochemical parameters, were monitored over a 6-month period. VA produced relatively minor (up to 2.8-fold) increases in lung tissue or lavage fluid phospholipids that were(More)
Rat liver microsomes metabolized methyl chloride to formaldehyde at a rate 15-fold less than the rate of benzamphetamine demethylation. The reaction rate was stimulated approximately 2-fold in microsomes from phenobarbital-pretreated rats and was inhibited by addition of SKF-525A, carbon monoxide, metyrapone, and hexobarbital to the microsomal suspension,(More)
The disposition of ISIS 2922, a phosphorothioate oligonucleotide for treatment of cytomegalovirus associated retinitis, was evaluated in rabbits. Vitreous humor and retina samples were collected from rabbits that received a single intravitreal injection of 66 microg [14C]-labeled ISIS 2922 and were analyzed using anion exchange HPLC. Four hr postdosing, the(More)