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BACKGROUND Acute lower respiratory tract illness in previously well adults is usually labelled as acute bronchitis and treated with antibiotics without establishing the aetiology. Viral infection is thought to be the cause in most cases. We have investigated the incidence, aetiology, and outcome of this condition. METHODS Previously well adults from a(More)
BACKGROUND Since the last British study of the microbial aetiology of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) about 20 years ago, new organisms have been identified (for example, Chlamydia pneumoniae), new antibiotics introduced, and fresh advances made in microbiological techniques. Pathogens implicated in CAP in adults admitted to hospital in the UK using(More)
This paper details the laboratory processes used to fabricate CdS/CdTe solar cells at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. The basic fabrication technique includes low-pressure chemical vapor deposited SnO 2 , chemical-bath deposited CdS, close-spaced sublimated CdTe, solution-CdCl 2 treatment, and an acid-contact etch, followed by application of a(More)
A prospective one-year study of community pneumonia was conducted in Nottingham. 236 of 251 episodes of pneumonia (defined as an acute lower respiratory tract infection, for which antibiotics were prescribed, associated with new focal signs on examination of the chest) were investigated. Acute radiographic changes were present in 93 (39%). A pathogen was(More)
Community-acquired adult lower-respiratory-tract infections (LRTI) are generally thought to be caused by atypical and viral infections. We have studied 480 adults presenting to a single general practice with community-acquired LRTI between November, 1990, and December, 1991. The overall incidence was 44 cases per 1000 population per year; the incidence was(More)
The features of the chest radiographs of 49 adults with legionnaires' disease were compared with those of 91 adults with pneumococcal pneumonia (31 of whom had bacteraemia or antigenaemia), 46 with mycoplasma pneumonia, and 10 with psittacosis pneumonia. No distinctive pattern was seen for any group. Homogeneous shadowing was more frequent in legionnaires'(More)
Forty four fetuses with multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) disease recognised on antenatal ultrasound were studied prospectively. In nine aborted fetuses and in five who died in the neonatal period the MCDK disease was bilateral or there were associated lethal abnormalities or syndromes. All surviving infants had unilateral disease and in six (20%) there(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess direct and indirect evidence of active infection which may benefit from further antibiotics in adults who reconsult within 4 weeks of initial antibiotic management of acute lower respiratory tract infection in primary care. DESIGN Observational study with a nested case-control group. SETTING Two suburban general practices in Arnold,(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical and laboratory features do not accurately correlate with the cause of community acquired pneumonia. A study was performed to examine whether the radiographic features of staphylococcal pneumonia are sufficiently distinct to aid early diagnosis. METHODS The chest radiographs of 34 patients (including eight children) with proven(More)
Oral cholecystography repeated at six-months intervals is the standard method for determining reduction in size of gall stones (partial success) and complete dissolution of stones (complete success). In a comparative study of oral cholecystography and cholecystosonography six out of 14 patients with gall stones achieving complete success by oral(More)