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Several scholars, most notably Matt Baum, have recently argued that soft news formats contribute to democratic discourse, because they attract viewers who would otherwise not be exposed to news at all. I extend Baum's approach in two ways. First, Baum's theory postulates that people's appreciation of entertainment is one of the factors determining news… (More)
The normal method for representing ana-phoric dependencies in Unification Based grammar tbrmalisms is that of re-entrance. In this paper, we address the problems that this representational device poses when such formalisms are used for translation. We demonstrate the inadequacies of existing proposals, and describe an approach which exploits the expressive… (More)
Surveys provide widely cited measures of political knowledge. Do seemingly arbitrary features of survey interviews affect their validity? Our answer comes from experiments embedded in a representative survey of over 1200 Americans. A control group was asked political knowledge questions in a typical survey context. Treatment groups received the questions in… (More)
1 Introduction Substantial formal grammatical and lexical resources exist in various NLP systems and in the form of textbook specifications. In the present paper we report on experimental results obtained in manual , semi-antomatic and automatic migration of entire computational or textbook descriptions (as opposed to a more informal reuse of ideas or the… (More)
In this paper we provide an abstract characterisation of different kinds of robust processing in Machine Translation and Natural Language Processing systems in terms of the kinds of problem they are supposed to solve. We focus on one problem which is typically exacerbated by robust processing, and for which we know of no existing solutions. We discuss two… (More)
Partial differential eqations: second and higher order elliptic differential equations and systems in non-smooth media, boundary value problems, regularity, potential theory, spectral theory, wave propagation and localization of the eigenmodes in rough domains, free boundary problems, harmonic/elliptic measure. 1 Geometric measure theory: geometry of rough… (More)