Doug Armstrong

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Reintroductions are attempts to return species to parts of their historical ranges where they were extirpated, and might involve release of either captive-bred or wild-caught individuals. The poor success rate of reintroductions worldwide has led to frequent calls for greater monitoring, and since 1990 there has been an exponential increase in the number of(More)
With recent increases in the numbers of species reintroduction projects and reintroduction-related publications, there is now a recognizable field of reintroduction biology. Nevertheless, research thus far has been fragmented and ad hoc, rather than an organized attempt to gain reliable knowledge to improve reintroduction success. We reviewed 454 recent(More)
Ian G. Jamieson, Sabrina S. Taylor, Lisa N. Tracy, Hanna Kokko, and Doug P. Armstrong Department of Zoology, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin, 9054, New Zealand, Department of Forest Sciences, Centre for Applied Conservation Research, 3041 2424 Main Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z4, Department of Biological and Environmental(More)
The rate of biodiversity loss is not slowing despite global commitments, and the depletion of animal species can reduce the stability of ecological communities. Despite this continued loss, some substantial progress in reversing defaunation is being achieved through the intentional movement of animals to restore populations. We review the full spectrum of(More)
Accurate and reliable monitoring is necessary for effective management of threatened species in New Zealand. Mark-recapture studies are a powerful tool for conservation managers, and can be used in any situation where animals can be marked (or otherwise identified) and detected later by capture or sighting. In addition to estimating population size and(More)
More than US$21 billion is spent annually on biodiversity conservation. Despite their importance for preventing or slowing extinctions and preserving biodiversity, conservation interventions are rarely assessed systematically for their global impact. Islands house a disproportionately higher amount of biodiversity compared with mainlands, much of which is(More)
On the east coast of Australia, new holland and white-cheeked honeyeaters experience huge seasonal changes in nectar availability over their breeding periods. I observed breeding males of both species to determine whether levels of territorial aggressiveness varied with these changes in nectar availability. I watched individual males repeatedly and assessed(More)
We monitored 16 radio-tagged moreporks (Ninox novaeseelandiae) on Mokoia Island after a brodifacoum poison drop to eradicate mice (Mus musculus), normally included in the owls’ diet. All 16 moreporks were alive after 13 days. One bird was found dead on day 22, and corpses of two radio-tagged birds were located on day 51. The bird found on day 22 contained(More)
Dietary ingested carotenoid biomolecules have been linked to both improved health and immunity in nestling birds. Here, we test whether maternally invested egg carotenoids can offset the cost of parasitism in developing nestling hihi (Notiomystis cincta) from the bloodsucking mite (Ornithonyssus bursa). Our results reveal clear negative effects of(More)
Populations established with a small number of founders are thought to have a high risk of extinction due to Allee effects, demographic stochasticity, inbreeding and reduced genetic variation. We tested whether the initial number of birds released was related to persistence in reintroductions of saddlebacks (Philesturnus carunculatus) and robins (Petroica(More)