Learn More
Early diagnosis of lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs), before the onset of irreversible pathologies, will be a key factor in the development of effective therapies for many of these disorders. Newborn screening offers a potential mechanism for the early detection of these disorders. From studies of both normal and LSD-affected human skin fibroblasts we(More)
The Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis type VI) is a lysosomal storage disease with autosomal recessive inheritance caused by deficiency of the enzyme arylsulfatase B. Severe, intermediate, and mild forms of the disease have been described. The molecular correlate of the clinical heterogeneity is not known at present. To identify the molecular(More)
The discovery over five decades ago of the lysosome, as a degradative organelle and its dysfunction in lysosomal storage disorder patients, was both insightful and simple in concept. Here, we review some of the history and pathophysiology of lysosomal storage disorders to show how they have impacted on our knowledge of lysosomal biology. Although a(More)
Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) is of universal biological significance. It has emerged as an important global RNA, DNA and translation regulatory pathway. By systematically sequencing 737 genes (annotated in the Vertebrate Genome Annotation database) on the human X chromosome in 250 families with X-linked mental retardation, we identified mutations in(More)
We report studies that suggest enzyme replacement therapy will result in a significant reduction in disease progression and tissue pathology in patients with Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (Mucopolysaccharidosis type VI, MPS VI). A feline model for MPS VI was used to evaluate tissue distribution and clinical efficacy of three forms of recombinant human(More)
In this study we have investigated a group of 29 Brazilian patients, who had been diagnosed with the lysosomal storage disorder, Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS-I). MPS I is caused by a deficiency in the lysosomal hydrolase, alpha-L-iduronidase. Ninety percent of the MPS I patients in this study were genotyped and revealed 10 recurrent and thirteen novel(More)
Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS-I) is an autosomal recessive genetic disease caused by a deficiency of the lysosomal glycosidase alpha-L-iduronidase. Hurler (severe), Scheie (mild), and Hurler/Scheie (intermediate) syndromes are clinical subtypes of MPS-I, but it is difficult to distinguish between these subtypes by biochemical measurements. Mutation(More)
Fibroblasts from 16 patients with known alpha-L-iduronidase gene mutations and different clinical phenotypes of mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) were investigated in order to establish genotype/phenotype correlations. Enzyme kinetic studies were performed using the specific alpha-L-iduronidase substrate iduronosyl anhydro[1-3H]mannitol-6-sulfate.(More)
Mucopolysaccharidosis type VI (MPS VI; Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome) is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations in the N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulfatase (arylsulfatase B, ARSB) gene. ARSB is a lysosomal enzyme involved in the degradation of the glycosaminoglycans (GAG) dermatan and chondroitin sulfate. ARSB mutations reduce enzyme function and GAG(More)
Initial purification of N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulphate sulphatase from human liver homogenates containing approx. 1 mg of enzyme in 26 g of soluble proteins was achieved by a six-column chromatography procedure and yielded approx. 40 micrograms of a single major protein species. Enzyme thus prepared was used to produce N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulphate(More)