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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Positive modulators of small conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels (SK1, SK2, and SK3) exert hyperpolarizing effects that influence the activity of excitable and non-excitable cells. The prototype compound 1-EBIO or the more potent compound NS309, do not distinguish between the SK subtypes and they also activate the related(More)
We have identified and characterized the compound NS309 (6,7-dichloro-1H-indole-2,3-dione 3-oxime) as a potent activator of human Ca2+ -activated K+ channels of SK and IK types, whereas it is devoid of effect on BK type channels. IK- and SK-channels have previously been reported to be activated by the benzimidazolinone, 1-EBIO and more potently by its(More)
Activation of potassium channels generally reduces cellular excitability, making potassium channel openers potential drug candidates for the treatment of diseases related to hyperexcitabilty such as epilepsy, neuropathic pain, and neurodegeneration. Two compounds, BMS-204352 and retigabine, presently in clinical trials for the treatment of stroke and(More)
The isolation of the peptide inhibitor of M-type K(+) current, BeKm-1, from the venom of the Central Asian scorpion Buthus eupeus has been described previously (Fillipov A. K., Kozlov, S. A., Pluzhnikov, K. A., Grishin, E. V., and Brown, D. A. (1996) FEBS Lett. 384, 277-280). Here we report the cloning, expression, and selectivity of BeKm-1. A full-length(More)
This review discusses the Ca2+-activated K+ channels of intermediate conductance (IK channels), and their historical discovery in erythrocytes, their classical biophysical characteristics, physiological function, molecular biology as well as their role as possible molecular targets for pharmacological intervention in various diseases. The first described(More)
SK channels are Ca2+-activated K+ channels that underlie after hyperpolarizing (AHP) currents and contribute to the shaping of the firing patterns and regulation of Ca2+ influx in a variety of neurons. The elucidation of SK channel function has recently benefited from the discovery of SK channel enhancers, the prototype of which is 1-EBIO. 1-EBIO exerts(More)
We have generated HEK293 cell lines stably expressing high levels of either the human BK channel alpha-subunit alone or the BK channel alpha-subunit and beta-subunit together. For co-expression a plasmid with three expression cassettes was constructed. Patch-clamp recordings on inside-out patches from the transfected cells resulted in macroscopic currents(More)
Neuronal Kv7 channels are recognized as potential drug targets for treating hyperexcitability disorders such as pain, epilepsy, and mania. Hyperactivity of the amygdala has been described in clinical and preclinical studies of anxiety, and therefore, neuronal Kv7 channels may be a relevant target for this indication. In patch-clamp electrophysiology on cell(More)
Small conductance Ca(2+) -activated K(+) (SK) channels play a prominent role in modulating the spontaneous activity of dopamine (DA) neurons as well as their response to synaptically-released glutamate. SK channel gating is dependent on Ca(2+) binding to constitutively bound calmodulin, which itself is subject to endogenous and exogenous modulation. In the(More)
The high-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K channel (BK channel) is not only regulated by a number of physiological stimuli, but it is also sensitive to pharmacological modulation. We have stably expressed the alpha-subunit of the human BK channel, hslo, in HEK 293 cells and studied by patch-clamp technique how its gating is modulated by the channel activator(More)