Dorte Phillip

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Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is susceptible to signal artifacts caused by relative motion between NIRS optical fibers and the scalp. These artifacts can be very damaging to the utility of functional NIRS, particularly in challenging subject groups where motion can be unavoidable. A number of approaches to the removal of motion artifacts from NIRS data(More)
Interleukin (IL)-2-induced microvascular lung injury is an experimental paradigm commonly used to investigate the pathogenesis of the adult respiratory distress syndrome. Since tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is known to induce such an injury in vivo and since TNF-alpha is involved in other models of lung injury, we postulated that it might also(More)
Analysis of cerebral autoregulation by measuring spontaneous oscillations in the low frequency spectrum of cerebral cortical vessels might be a useful tool for assessing risk and investigating different treatment strategies in carotid artery disease and stroke. Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a non-invasive optical method to investigate regional(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS Low frequency oscillations (LFO) of cerebral vessels are believed to reflect cerebral autoregulation. We investigated day-to-day and hemispheric variations in 0.1 Hz LFO with near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and transcranial Doppler (TCD) to determine phase shift and gain of oxygenated haemoglobin (oxyHb) and the velocity of the(More)
Background and purpose: Continuous wave near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a non-invasive bed-side optical method to detect changes in oxygenated (oxyHb) and deoxygenated hemoglobin (deoxyHb) in the outermost layers of the cerebral cortex. Cortical oxyHb low frequency oscillations (LFOs) in the 0.09-0.11 Hz range are affected by changes in cerebral(More)
The etiology behind and physiological significance of spontaneous oscillations in the low-frequency spectrum in both systemic and cerebral vessels remain unknown. Experimental studies have proposed that spontaneous oscillations in cerebral blood flow reflect impaired cerebral autoregulation (CA). Analysis of CA by measurement of spontaneous oscillations in(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the role of complement in the development of acid aspiration-induced lung injury in the rat. It was postulated that inhibition or depletion of complement attenuates aspiration-induced lung injury. DESIGN Controlled animal trial. SETTING Animal Laboratory, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA. SUBJECTS Anesthetized rats. (More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that liposome encapsulated hemoglobin (LEH), an experimental oxygen-carrying fluid, exacerbates endotoxin-induced lung injury in the rat. DESIGN Prospective, randomized animal study. SETTING University animal laboratory. METHODS Anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 8-13) were infused with LEH (10% of estimated total(More)
BACKGROUND The pathophysiological alterations in patients with familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM) are not yet fully known. The headache characteristics in patients with FHM mutations have been examined in a series of glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) provocation studies in FHM patients, but the cortical vascular response to GTN in FHM patients has never been(More)
Functional near-infrared spectroscopy is prone to contamination by motion artifacts (MAs). Motion correction algorithms have previously been proposed and their respective performance compared for evoked rain activation studies. We study instead the effect of MAs on "oscillation" data which is at the basis of functional connectivity and autoregulation(More)
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