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Apolipoprotein E (apoE), a plasma apolipoprotein that plays a central role in lipoprotein metabolism, is localized in the senile plaques, congophilic angiopathy, and neurofibrillary tangles of Alzheimer disease. Late-onset familial and sporadic Alzheimer disease patients have an increased frequency of one of the three common apoE alleles, epsilon 4,(More)
The apolipoprotein E (apoE) type 4 allele (APOE4) is a susceptibility gene for late-onset familial and sporadic Alzheimer disease. ApoE is found in some neurofibrillary tangle-bearing neurons, one of the major pathologic hallmarks of the disease. Neurofibrillary tangles contain paired helical filaments formed from hyperphosphorylated microtubule-associated(More)
A genetic classification of Alzheimer disease(s) (AD) is presented. We describe a potential metabolic process in individuals who inherit apolipoprotein E-epsilon 4 (APOE4, gene; apoE4, protein) alleles, leading to increased risk and earlier age of onset of late-onset Alzheimer disease. Apolipoprotein E-epsilon 3 (apoE3) binds to tau protein, possibly(More)
There are two distinct viewpoints on the association of the inheritance of apolipoprotein E (APOE) alleles and the age of onset distribution of Alzheimer's disease (AD): genetic and phenotypic expression. There have been multiple corroborations of the APOE-epsilon 4 association with Alzheimer's disease in populations around the world in clinic based studies(More)
BACKGROUND HER2 has a predictive value in gastric cancer. However, its association with prognosis remains uncertain. The aim of our study was to estimate the HER2-positive rate in Chinese gastric cancers, compare the classical fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) method with the novel bright-field dual color silver-enhanced in situ hybridization(More)
The extracellular matrix protein laminin profoundly affects neuronal adhesion, spreading, differentiation, and growth by binding integrin-type cell surface receptors. Laminin binds other basement membrane components, including heparan sulfate proteoglycans. Apolipoprotein E (apoE) also binds basement membrane and heparan sulfate proteoglycans and(More)
The risk of Alzheimer's disease is determined, in part, by inheritance of specific alleles of ApoE. Isoform specific interactions of ApoE have been shown with the microtubule-associated protein tau, which forms the neurofibrillary tangle in this disease. Synthetic peptides representing each of the four microtubule-binding domains of tau more avidly bind(More)
Amyloid beta A4 peptide is found in the extracellular region of the senile plaque and in the angiopathy of Alzheimer's disease. Several other proteins, including IgG, also reside in these abnormal structures. In an attempt to understand how these structures are assembled and to determine how proteins are recruited, interactions of various proteins with(More)
The senile plaque and congophilic angiopathy in brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease contain abnormal extracellular depositions. These depositions have very complex molecular structure, some elements of which have been identified. The most abundant protein in these structures is beta A amyloid peptide, which is produced by proteolytic processing of a(More)
The apolipoprotein E type 4 allele is a susceptibility gene for late-onset Alzheimer's disease. Apolipoprotein E is found in neurons, some of which contain paired helical filaments made of the microtubule-associated protein tau. Previous studies have demonstrated that the apoE3 isoform, but not the apoE4 isoform, binds tau with high avidity. Because the(More)