Dorothy J. Ladewig

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INTRODUCTION Defining whether retrograde ventriculoatrial (V-A) conduction is via the AV node (AVN) or an accessory pathway (AP) is important during ablation procedures for supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). With the introduction of ventricular extrastimuli (VEST), retrograde right bundle branch block (RBBB) may occur, prolonging the V-H interval, but only(More)
BACKGROUND Radiofrequency (RF) ablation for ventricular tachycardia (VT) has high failure rates. Whether endocavitary structures (ECS) such as the papillary muscles (PMs), moderator bands (MBs), or false tendons (FTs) impact VT ablation is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We retrospectively reviewed records of 190 consecutive patients presenting for VT(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are increasingly used to treat patients with refractory heart failure. Current-generation LVADs have major limitations, including the need for open chest surgery, limiting their widespread use. We hypothesized that the aortoatrial continuity could be used as a unique anatomic vantage point for entirely(More)
BACKGROUND Pharmacology frequently fails for the treatment of epilepsy. Although surgical techniques are effective, these procedures are highly invasive. We describe feasibility and efficacy of minimally invasive mapping and ablation for the treatment of epilepsy. METHODS Mapping and radiofrequency ablations were performed via the venous system in eleven(More)
INTRODUCTION The dominant location of electrical triggers for initiating atrial fibrillation (AF) originates from the muscle sleeves inside pulmonary veins (PVs). Currently, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is performed outside of the PVs to isolate, rather than directly ablate these tissues, due to the risk of intraluminal PV stenosis. METHODS In 4 chronic(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if ECG repolarization measures can be used to detect small changes in serum potassium levels in hemodialysis patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS Signal-averaged ECGs were obtained from standard ECG leads in 12 patients before, during, and after dialysis. Based on physiological considerations, five repolarization-related ECG measures were(More)
BACKGROUND Hyper- and hypokalemia are clinically silent, common in patients with renal or cardiac disease, and are life threatening. A noninvasive, unobtrusive, blood-free method for tracking potassium would be an important clinical advance. METHODS AND RESULTS Two groups of hemodialysis patients (development group, n=26; validation group, n=19) underwent(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously shown that sympathetic ganglia stimulation via the renal vein rapidly increases blood pressure. This study further investigated the optimal target sites and effective energy levels for stimulation of the renal vasculatures and nearby sympathetic ganglia for rapid increase in blood pressure. METHODS The pre-study protocol for(More)
OBJECTIVE Pharmacotherapy for epilepsy is limited with 30% of patients refractory to this approach of suppressing seizures. Current surgical options are invasive and carry significant morbidities including infection, bleeding, and the potential for deleterious neurocognitive effects. As a result, there is a burgeoning need for innovation to develop safer(More)