Learn More
Rats housed in social isolation show heightened levels of object-contact in an open-field and are slower than socially-housed controls to emerge from a small enclosure into an unfamiliar environment. Isolation between 25 and 45 days of age produced an irreversible effect upon object contact but had no lasting effect if between 16 and 25 days or after 45(More)
There are surprisingly few empirical studies on the aesthetic appeal of human legs, examining such variables as length or shape. The human legs are conspicuous in erotic contexts, but few studies have experimentally tested preferences for longer legs. This study examined the utility of the human leg-to-body ratio (LBR) as a specific aesthetic criterion(More)
The duration of barbiturate-induced sleeping in rats was found to be reduced by isolation housing. It was also lower in males than females, and lower in the dark phase of the diurnal cycle. These variables were shown to be additive in their effects. Sex differences in barbiturate action were found to be reduced by gonadectomy in males; and the effects of(More)
Matched litter mates were reared in one of three conditions: in pairs or in isolation with or without one hour of daily playfighting experience from 20 to 50 days of age. The rats were then regrouped within condition so that they lived with identically reared cagemates for a month. This regrouping eliminated the transient effects of isolation such as(More)
Rats reared from weaning in social isolation made more lever presses than controls on an alternating two-lever DRL schedule of reinforcement, and obtained fewer rewards. Isolates showed an increased tendency both to anticipate reward on the correct lever, and to perseverate on the lever which last gave reward, but their anticipatory deficit was relatively(More)
It has been suggested that socially isolated rats are more aroused then rats raised in social groups. This hypothesis was tested by examining amphetamine-induced activity and stereotypy in social and isolated rats of both sexes in both the active and inactive phases of their diurnal activity cycle. In socially raised rats it was possible to produce(More)
In the rat isolation has both short- and long-term influences upon behavior. Rats isolated at any age will show increases in timidity and aggression, but both effects can be reversed by periods of social housing. However, isolation before 50 days of age has permanent effects upon behavior. We have previously found that rats between 25 and 45 days of age may(More)