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Rats housed in social isolation show heightened levels of object-contact in an open-field and are slower than socially-housed controls to emerge from a small enclosure into an unfamiliar environment. Isolation between 25 and 45 days of age produced an irreversible effect upon object contact but had no lasting effect if between 16 and 25 days or after 45(More)
There are surprisingly few empirical studies on the aesthetic appeal of human legs, examining such variables as length or shape. The human legs are conspicuous in erotic contexts, but few studies have experimentally tested preferences for longer legs. This study examined the utility of the human leg-to-body ratio (LBR) as a specific aesthetic criterion(More)
Matched litter mates were reared in one of three conditions: in pairs or in isolation with or without one hour of daily playfighting experience from 20 to 50 days of age. The rats were then regrouped within condition so that they lived with identically reared cagemates for a month. This regrouping eliminated the transient effects of isolation such as(More)
Male and female hooded rats were weaned at 17 days and then reared in isolation or in social groups. Intersession habituation of locomotor activity in the open field was tested at 15, 25, and 45 days. Contrary to some previous reports, the 15-day-old animals showed significant habituation. At 45 days, however, the isolates showed very little habituation(More)
In the rat isolation has both short- and long-term influences upon behavior. Rats isolated at any age will show increases in timidity and aggression, but both effects can be reversed by periods of social housing. However, isolation before 50 days of age has permanent effects upon behavior. We have previously found that rats between 25 and 45 days of age may(More)
Rats reared from weaning in social isolation made more lever presses than controls on an alternating two-lever DRL schedule of reinforcement, and obtained fewer rewards. Isolates showed an increased tendency both to anticipate reward on the correct lever, and to perseverate on the lever which last gave reward, but their anticipatory deficit was relatively(More)
Behavioural responses in a set of spatial and cue tasks were assessed in adult rats that had been given ibotenic acid lesions of the dorsal hippocampus at weaning. The lesions or sham operations were immediately followed by one month of differential rearing, either in enriched, social or isolated housing environments. The differential rearing was followed(More)