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The etiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) is considered to involve genetic, environmental, infective, and immunological factors which affect the integrity of a normally assembled myelin sheath, either directly or indirectly resulting in demyelination. In a correlative study involving protein chemical, mass spectrometric, and electron microscopic techniques we(More)
We have studied a case of acute, fulminating multiple sclerosis (MS) (Marburg type) at the pathological and biochemical levels. Postmortem examination of the brain revealed extensive areas of gross rarefaction in the hemispheric white matter. Histologically, well-demarcated areas of demyelination with a large influx of macrophages and a subtle perivascular(More)
Myelin basic protein (MBP) represents a candidate autoantigen in multiple sclerosis (MS). We isolated MBP from normal and MS human white matter and purified six components (charge isomers) to compare the post-translational modifications on each. The sites and extent of methylation, deimination, and phosphorylation were documented for all tryptic peptides by(More)
Human myelin basic protein was fractionated into its various charge isomers by CM52 cation exchange chromatography. Approximately 25-30% of the total charge applied to the column appeared in the void volume. This material termed "C-8," was further purified by reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography. Amino acid analyses of C-8 revealed low Arg(More)
Modification of arginine residues by citrullination is catalyzed by peptidylarginine deiminases (PADs), of which five are known, generating irreversible protein structural modifications. We have shown previously that enhanced citrullination of myelin basic protein contributed to destabilization of the myelin membrane in the CNS of multiple sclerosis (MS)(More)
Isolation of several of the charge isomers from both normal and multiple sclerosis (MS) myelin basic protein (MBP) was achieved on CM-52 columns at pH 10.6. In liquid x-ray diffraction and aggregation experiments, corresponding charge isomers were equally effective in the formation of multilayers, demonstrating the dominant role of overall net positive(More)
In previous studies, we documented increased citrullinated myelin basic protein (MBP) was present in MBP isolated from multiple sclerosis (MS) normal appearing white matter (NAWM). This increase was due to the myelin enzyme peptidyl argininedeiminase 2 (PAD2). In this study, we show that methylation of cytosine of the PAD2 promoter in DNA from MS NAWM was(More)
The degree of post-translational enzymatic deimination (conversion of arginyl to citrullinyl residues) of myelin basic protein (MBP) is correlated with the severity of the human autoimmune disease multiple sclerosis (MS). It is difficult to obtain large quantities of deiminated MBP from natural sources (autopsy material), and in vitro deimination using(More)
A recombinant hexahistidine-tagged 18.5-kDa isoform of murine myelin basic protein has been characterized biochemically and immunogenically, by mass spectrometry, by circular dichroism under various conditions (in aqueous solution, with monosialoganglioside G(M1), and in 89% 2-propanol), and by transmission electron microscopy. The preparations of this(More)
In earlier studies we demonstrated that an increase in the relative amounts of citrullinated myelin basic protein (MBP) was found in multiple sclerosis (Moscarello et al. 1994). To determine the temporal relationship between the citrullinated MBP and peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD), the enzyme responsible for deiminating arginyl residues in proteins, we(More)