Dorothee von Laer

Learn More
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) is a noncytopathic arenavirus shown to infect a broad range of different cell types. Here, we combined the beneficial characteristics of the LCMV glycoprotein (LCMV-GP) and those of retroviral vectors to generate a new, safe, and efficient gene transfer system. These LCMV-GP pseudotypes were systematically compared(More)
Direct type I interferon (IFN) signaling on T cells is necessary for the proper expansion, differentiation, and survival of responding T cells following infection with viruses prominently inducing type I IFN. The reasons for the abortive response of T cells lacking the type I IFN receptor (Ifnar1(-/-)) remain unclear. We report here that Ifnar1(-/-) T cells(More)
UNLABELLED Background In vitro proliferative and differentiation potential of mesenchymal stromal cells generated from CD271(+) bone marrow mononuclear cells (CD271-mesenchymal stromal cells) has been demonstrated in several earlier and recent reports. In the present study we focused, in addition to proliferative and differentiation potential, on in vitro(More)
Leukemia caused by retroviral insertional mutagenesis after stem cell gene transfer has been reported in several experimental animals and in patients treated for X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency. Here, we analyzed whether gene transfer into mature T cells bears the same genotoxic risk. To address this issue in an experimental "worst case scenario,"(More)
The envelope glycoprotein (GP) of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) is posttranslationally cleaved into two subunits. We show here that this endoproteolytic processing is not required for transport to the cell surface but is essential for LCMV GP to mediate infectivity of pseudotyped retroviral vectors. By systematic mutational analysis of the LCMV(More)
Although a variety of genetic strategies have been developed to inhibit HIV replication, few direct comparisons of the efficacy of these inhibitors have been carried out. Moreover, most studies have not examined whether genetic inhibitors are able to induce a survival advantage that results in an expansion of genetically-modified cells following HIV(More)
Based on sequence variation of the glycoprotein B (gB) gene, human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) strains can be classified into four gB genotypes. In a previous study of bone marrow transplant recipients, infection with the gB type 1 correlated with a more favorable clinical outcome than infection with the gB types 2, 3, or 4. The gB type was determined in 60(More)
Hematologic abnormalities occur in the majority of patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Infection of the hematopoietic progenitor cells has been proposed as a potential explanation. In this study, different bone marrow cell populations, including the CD34+ hematopoietic progenitor cells, were purified by a fluorescence-activated cell(More)
Introduction of the post-transcriptional regulatory element (PRE) of woodchuck hepatitis virus (WHV) into the 3' untranslated region of retroviral and lentiviral gene transfer vectors enhances both titer and transgene expression. Optimal use of the PRE is often necessary to obtain vectors with sufficient performance for therapeutic applications. The(More)
BACKGROUND Normal values of lymphocyte subpopulations for healthy children and adults have been published in defined age groups exclusively, which results in difficult data interpretation for patients close to the limit of contiguous age group ranges. In addition, normal values for a number of lymphocyte subpopulations have not been established to date. (More)