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TTF-1 is an important transcription factor in lung development and lung disease and is essential for lung cell differentiation, specifically surfactant protein (Sftp) expression. The molecular mechanisms that drive the expression and transcriptional control of TTF-1 are not fully understood. In the fetal lung, ErbB4 functions as a transcriptional co-factor(More)
Aqueous polymer two-phase systems characterized by a difference in the electrical potential between the upper and the lower phase (charged systems) are useful tools for the detection of changes in the surface charge and hydrophobicity of high-density lipoproteins (HDL). While the large particle size of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) leads to accumulation at(More)
Human low density lipoproteins (LDL) were incubated with increasing amounts of sodium hypochlorite. A decrease of the number of free amino groups on the LDL surface starts only upon addition of 30-40 moles NaOCl per mole apoB, whereas all detectable SH groups are oxidized after addition of nearly 17-20 moles NaOCl. All hypochlorite-modified LDL samples have(More)
Low density lipoproteins (LDL) were modified by incubation with formaldehyde and malondialdehyde and by autoxidation. Different methods were developed to measure alterations of surface properties of LDL. A method based on fluorescamine fluorescence was used to measure changes of free amino groups. All modified LDL samples have a decreased number of amino(More)
The influence of different surface charge densities (induced by varying pH, addition of positively charged amphiphilic molecules and chemical modification) of high density lipoproteins (isolated by ultracentrifugation) on poly(ethylene glycol) induced aggregation was studied. The effects of different molecular masses of PEG, HDL concentration and the(More)
The relative number of free amino groups on the surface of low density lipoproteins (LDL) was determined after the incubation with low molecular weight dextran (MW 40,000) in several concentrations by two different assays (fluorescamine, TNBS). A decrease of the detectable free amino groups of 40% was shown by both assays. After the incubation of lysine(More)