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Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a neurotrophin that plays a major role in neurogenesis and neuroplasticity, and in the modulation of several neurotransmitter systems including the dopaminergic system. There are mixed reports about the association between the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism, schizophrenia, and treatment response to antipsychotic(More)
Tobacco smoking is a global health problem. The association of a functional common polymorphism in the catechol-o-methyltransferase gene (COMT Val158Met) with smoking behavior has been extensively studied, but with divergent findings. In the present study the frequency of COMT genotypes and alleles was evaluated in 578 male and a smaller group of 79 female(More)
AIM To compare the frequency of alleles and genotypes in brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) val66met polymorphism in ethnically homogenous Caucasian (from Croatia) and ethnically homogenous Asian (from South Korea) healthy participants, as inter-population differences in BDNF val66met may be responsible for the divergent findings in genetic and(More)
The role of serum lipids [total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglycerides (TG)] in the pathophysiology of mood disorders is not clear. The aim of this study was to determine lipid profiles in patients with affective disorders. The study included medication-free female subjects(More)
Extrapyramidal symptoms (EPSs) are common adverse effects of antipsychotics. The development of acute EPSs could depend on the activity of dopaminergic system and its gene variants. The aim of this study was to determine the association between dopaminergic type 2 receptor (DRD2) dopamine transporter (SLC6A3) and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene(More)
The binding affinity of a possible antidepressant drug, dihydroergosine, rat brain membranes. Dihydroergosine displaced the binding of [3H]5-HT to the whole population of hippocampal 5-HT1 receptors with high affinity (Ki=4.8 nM). The displacement curve was shallow and the slope factor less than unity, suggesting the interaction of dihydroergosine with(More)
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a highly heritable developmental disorder characterized by symptoms of impulsivity, hyperactivity and/or inattention, and associated with structural and biochemical abnormalities in cortical and limbic structures innervated by dopamine, noradrenalin and serotonin. The enzyme monoamine oxidase, type B(More)
Suicidal behavior is a major health risk in psychiatric disorders, especially in schizophrenia, wherein up to 10% patients will commit suicide. However, the neurobiology of suicide is still unclear. Suicidality has been related to decreased central serotonergic (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) function and reduced cholesterol levels. Platelet 5-HT has been used(More)
Alcohol dependence is frequently associated with aggressive and suicidal behaviour. Genetic factors contribute to both behaviours. Candidate genes, related to suicide and aggression, include genes involved in serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine pathways. The enzyme catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT) degrades dopamine, epinephrine and norepinephrine.(More)
A polymorphism in the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) is frequently studied for association with antidepressant treatment response, different personality traits, and psychiatric disorders. Baseline platelet serotonin (5-HT) concentration has been proposed to indicate a good or a poor treatment response to antidepressant drugs and to be associated with(More)