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Male Wistar rats were exposed to pseudocumene vapors at nominal concentration of 25, 100 or 250 ppm in the dynamic inhalation chambers for 6 h or 4 weeks (6 h/day; 5 days/week). Following the inhalation exposure, pseudocumene concentrations were estimated in the brain, liver and lung homogenates, as well as in the brain (brainstem, hippocampus, temporal(More)
The role of the T-type Ca(2+) channel blocker, ethosuximide, the L-type Ca(2+) channel blocker, nimodipine and L-type Ca(2+) channel opener, BAY K8644 (1,4 Dihydro-2, 6-dimethyl-5-nitro-4-[trifluoromethyl)-phenyl]-3-pyridine carboxylic acid methyl ester), was investigated on spike-wave discharges in WAG/Rij rats. This strain is considered as a genetic model(More)
This study was performed to find out whether repeated exposure to toluene might lead to behavioural sensitization estimated on the basis of spontaneous locomotor activity of rats in an open field. As a reference compound amphetamine was used. Toluene at a dose of 740 mg/kg was administered orally, amphetamine at a dose of 1 mg/kg was administered(More)
OBJECTIVES Methylmercury (MeHg) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are ubiquitous environmental pollutants. Both are neurotoxic, especially for the developing brain. The main source of human exposure to MeHg and PCBs is seafood. The aim of the present work was to find out whether and how separate or combined perinatal exposure to these neurotoxicants(More)
Pseudocumene (1,2,4-trimethylbenzene, TMB) is a component of several solvent mixtures. During recent studies on rats we investigated the effect of a 4-week (6 h/day, 5 days/week) inhalation exposure to TMB at concentrations of 0, 25, 100, or 250 ppm on radial maze performance, open field activity, passive avoidance, active two-way avoidance, and(More)
The relationship between neocortical high voltage spindle activity (HVS) and the level of arousal (state of vigilance) was investigated in imp-DAK rats. Two groups of single records (6 h and 24 h) and one group of repeated ones (6 h daily for three consecutive days) were analysed. Five levels of arousal (states) were distinguished on the basis of(More)
Trimethylbenzene (TMB), like xylene (dimethylbenzene), is a significant constituent of some industrial solvent mixtures. In earlier studies, we found that in the rat a subacute low-level inhalation exposure to some of the TMB isomers may result in behavioral alterations detectable weeks after the exposure [Neurotoxicol Teratol 19;1997:327; Int J Occup Med(More)
Trimethylbenzene isomers (TMBs): 1,2,4-TMB (pseudocumene--PS), 1,2,3-TMB (hemimellitene--HM) and 1,3,5-TMB (mesitylene--MES) are important constituents of solvent mixtures. In the US, the adopted TLV-TWA value for TMBs is 125 mg/m3 or 25 ppm (ACGIH 1996). Recent experiments at our laboratory have revealed an impaired learning of passive and active avoidance(More)
OBJECTIVES Some data suggest that increased behavioural sensitivity to psychostimulants may develop after exposure to volatile chemicals in common use. The purpose of the present experiment was to find out whether and in what way inhalation exposure to pseudocumene (PS) or hemimellitene (HM) at low concentrations alters behavioural sensitivity to the(More)
Trimetylbenzene isomers: pseudocumene, hemimellitene and mesitylene, are major components of numerous commercial solvents and high-grade fuels. In our earlier research on rats we have proved that inhalation exposure to pseudocumene or hemimellitene at concentrations close to the MAC value results in behavioral changes detectable many weeks after cessation(More)