Dorota Makarewicz

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Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is a multifunctional peptide of which numerous isoforms exist. The predominant form, IGF-1Ea is involved in physiological processes while IGF-1Ec (mechano-growth factor, MGF) is expressed in response to a different set of stimuli. We have identified specific changes in the expression patterns of these IGF-1 variants in(More)
The neuroprotective potential of mGluR1 and mGluR5 antagonists (group I), EMQMCM and MTEP, respectively was studied using the 3 min forebrain ischemia model in Mongolian gerbils and the hypoxia-ischemia model in 7-day-old rats. Hypoxia-ischemia was induced by unilateral carotid occlusion followed by 75 min exposure to hypoxia (7.3% O(2) in N(2)), forebrain(More)
Dantrolene is an inhibitor of a skeletal muscle subtype of ryanodine receptors that stabilizes intracellular calcium concentrations and exerts neuroprotective effects in neurons submitted to excitotoxic challenges. The mechanisms of dantrolene-induced neuroprotection are not clear. In this study, using a model of cultured rat cerebellar granule neurons, we(More)
To estimate protective potential of citicoline in a model of birth asphyxia, the drug was given to 7-day old rats subjected to permanent unilateral carotid artery occlusion and exposed for 65 min to a hypoxic gas mixture. Daily citicoline doses of 100 or 300 m/kg, or vehicle, were injected intraperitoneally for 7 consecutive days beginning immediately after(More)
Several in vivo and in vitro studies have demonstrated the neuroprotective potential of pretreatment with 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (calcitriol). The aim of the present study was to determine the effectiveness of calcitriol administered in vivo after a brain ischemic episode in the rat model of perinatal asphyxia, or when co-applied with or without(More)
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a non-receptor tyrosine kinase thought to play a major role in transducing extracellular matrix (ECM)-derived survival signals into cells. Thus, modulation of FAK activity may affect the linkage between ECM and signaling cascade to which it is connected and may participate in a variety of pathological settings. In the present(More)
Perinatal brain insult mostly resulting from hypoxia–ischemia (H–I) often brings lifelong permanent disability, which has a major impact on the life of individuals and their families. The lack of progress in clinically—applicable neuroprotective strategies for birth asphyxia has led to an increasing interest in alternative methods of therapy, including(More)
In vivo microdialysis combined with the measurement of (45)Ca(2+) efflux from prelabelled hippocampus demonstrated a pronounced N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-evoked (45)Ca(2+) release to the dialysate in the rat dentate gyrus (DG) and CA1, whereas in rabbit a slight release of (45)Ca(2+) was observed only in the DG. In vitro, we noticed that the NMDA-evoked(More)
INTRODUCTION In vitro experiments have demonstrated that preconditioning primary neuronal cultures by temporary application of NMDA receptor antagonists induces long-term tolerance against lethal insults. In the present study we tested whether similar effects also occur in brain submitted to ischemia in vivo and whether the potential benefit outweighs the(More)
In contrast to astrogliosis, which is common to injuries of the adult CNS, in the developing brain this process is minimal. Reasons postulated for this include the relative immaturity of the immune system and the consequent insufficient production of cytokines to evoke astrogliosis. To explore this hypothesis, the study was undertaken to detect the presence(More)