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Collagen XVIII is an evolutionary conserved ubiquitously expressed basement membrane proteoglycan produced in three isoforms via two promoters (P). Here, we assess the function of the N-terminal, domain of unknown function/frizzled-like sequences unique to medium/long collagen XVIII by creating P-specific null mice. P2-null mice, which only produce short(More)
We have previously demonstrated that the expression of calcineurin-like phosphoesterase domain containing 1 (CPPED1) decreases in adipose tissue (AT) after weight reduction. However, the function of CPPED1 in AT is unknown. Therefore, we investigated whether the change in CPPED1 expression is connected to changes in adipocyte glucose metabolism. First, we(More)
UNLABELLED Excess hepatic storage of triglycerides is considered a benign condition, but nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) may progress to fibrosis and promote atherosclerosis. Carriers of the TM6SF2 E167K variant have fatty liver as a result of reduced secretion of very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDLs). As a result, they have lower circulating lipids and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Excess hepatic free cholesterol contributes to the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, and statins reduce cholesterol synthesis. Aim of this study was to assess whether statin use is associated with histological liver damage related to steatohepatitis. METHODS The relationship between statin use, genetic risk factors, and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Mechanisms leading to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) have remained unclear, and non-invasive diagnosis of NASH is challenging. In this study, we investigated the benefits of measuring serum interleukin 1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA) levels. METHODS Liver biopsies from 119 morbidly obese individuals (47.5 ± 9.0 years, BMI 44.9 ± 5.9(More)
Alzheimer's disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus are risk factors for each other. To investigate the effects of both genetic and high-fat-induced diabetic phenotype on the expression and exon 10 splicing of tau, we used the Alzheimer's disease mouse model (APdE9) cross-bred with the type 2 diabetes mouse model over-expressing insulin-like growth factor 2 in(More)
We investigated the effects of obesity surgery-induced weight loss on transcription factor 7-like 2 gene (TCF7L2) alternative splicing in adipose tissue and liver. Furthermore, we determined the association of TCF7L2 splicing with the levels of plasma glucose and serum free fatty acids (FFAs) in three independent studies (n = 216). Expression of the short(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Levels of ketone bodies have been reported to be both increased and decreased in individuals with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. We investigated whether the metabolism of ketone bodies is different in simple steatosis and in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). METHODS Serum low molecular weight molecules including ketone bodies(More)
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is associated with increased synthesis of triglycerides and cholesterol coupled with increased VLDL synthesis in the liver. In addition, increased cholesterol content in the liver associates with NASH. Here we study the association of lipoprotein subclass metabolism with NASH. To this aim, liver biopsies from 116 morbidly(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) induces a more favorable metabolic profile than expected by weight loss alone. In this study, we investigated the effect of RYGB on serum bile acid levels and their relation to clinical outcomes. METHODS We included 30 obese patients who underwent RYGB (BMI = 46.1 ± 5.9 kg/m(2)). Clinical(More)