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We investigated the efficacy of local intraplantar (i.pl.) injection of peptide and non-peptide mu-, delta- and kappa-opioid receptor agonists in rat models of inflammatory and neuropathic pain. Locally applied agonists dose-dependently reduced formalin-induced flinching of the inflamed paw and induced antiallodynic and antihyperalgesic effects in sciatic(More)
Nerve injury and the consequent release of interleukins (ILs) are processes implicated in pain transmission. To study the potential role of IL-1 in the pathogenesis of allodynia and hyperalgesia, IL-1alpha and comparative IL-1beta, IL-6, and IL-10 mRNA levels were quantified using competitive RT-PCR of the lumbar spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia (DRG;(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic opiate use produces molecular and cellular adaptations in the nervous system that lead to tolerance, physical dependence, and addiction. Genome-wide comparison of morphine-induced changes in brain transcription of mouse strains with different opioid-related phenotypes provides an opportunity to discover the relationship between gene(More)
alpha-Synuclein is a presynaptic protein proposed to serve as a negative regulator of dopaminergic neurotransmission. Recent research has implicated alpha-synuclein in chronic neuroadaptations produced by psychostimulant and opiate use, as well as in genetically determined susceptibility to alcoholism in humans. The aim of our study was to characterize the(More)
— The following paper presents parameterization of emotional speech using perceptual coefficients as well as a comparison of Mel Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (MFCC), Bark Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (BFCC), Perceptual Linear Prediction Coefficients (PLP) and Revised Perceptual Linear Prediction Coefficients (RPLP). Analysis was performed on two(More)
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