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Expression of constitutively active heat shock transcription factor 1 (HSF1) in mouse spermatocytes induces apoptosis and leads to male infertility. We report here that prior to the onset of massive apoptosis caused by expression of active HSF1 in spermatocytes a marked reduction in spermatocyte-specific Hsp70.2 mRNA and protein levels occurs. In addition,(More)
To determine whether DNA transfer to mouse testes by in vivo electroporation could be useful method for studying regulatory elements of genes specifically active in spermatocytes first we compared the expression pattern of a construct containing the EGFP reporter gene ligated to a fragment of the heat shock testis-specific hst70 gene promoter, both in(More)
The human HSPA2 gene, which belongs to the HSP70 family of heat shock genes, is a counterpart of rodent testis-specific HspA2 gene. Rodent genes are expressed mainly in pachytene spermatocytes, while transcripts of human HSPA2 gene have been detected in various normal somatic tissues, albeit translation of the messenger RNA into corresponding protein has(More)
The rat Hst70 gene and its mouse counterpart Hsp70.2 are expressed specifically in pachytene primary spermatocytes and spermatids. Here we demonstrate that a 165 bp fragment of the Hst70 gene promoter, containing the T1 transcription start site region, entire exon 1 and 42 bp 5' region of the intron, is sufficient to drive testis-specific expression of the(More)
The rat Hst70 gene and its mouse counterpart Hsp70.2 belong to the family of Hsp70 heat shock genes and are specifically expressed in male germ cells. Previous studies regarding the structure of the 5' region of the transcription unit of these genes as well as localization of the 'cis' elements conferring their testis-specific expression gave contradictory(More)
Heat shock activates in somatic cells a set of genes encoding heat shock proteins which function as molecular chaperones. The basic mechanism by which these genes are activated is the interaction of the specific transcription factor HSF1 with a regulatory DNA sequence called heat shock element (HSE). In higher eukaryotes HSF1 is present in unstressed cells(More)
PURPOSE The study was undertaken to evaluate the frequency of inherited medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) among patients with apparent sporadic disease. A stepwise algorithm was used depending on clinical indices and the age of patient at MTC diagnosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS One hundred sixteen patients with MTC verified by postoperative pathologic(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor protein is a transcription factor activated by phosphorylation of its N-terminus. MDM2, encoded by a p53-activated gene, acts as a negative-feedback regulator of p53 by promoting p53 degradation. Moreover, MDM2 inhibits p53 by binding to and concealing its N-terminal transcription-activating domain. p53 can be activated by(More)
In the present study we determined the expression pattern of HSPA1 and HSPA2 proteins in various normal human tissues by tissue-microarray based immunohistochemical analysis. Both proteins belong to the HSPA (HSP70) family of heat shock proteins. The HSPA2 is encoded by the gene originally defined as testis-specific, while HSPA1 is encoded by the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM It has been shown that HSPA2 protein, a testis-enriched member of HSPA/HSP70 family, is important for cancer cell growth and metastasis. However, the status of HSPA2 expression in tumors and its clinical/prognostic significance are obscure. Herein we aimed to investigate the expression of HSPA2 in various types of tumors and to determine the(More)