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This paper presents a database containing ‘ground truth’ segmentations produced by humans for images of a wide variety of natural scenes. We define an error measure which quantifies the consistency between segmentations of differing granularities and find that different human segmentations of the same image are highly consistent. Use of this dataset is(More)
This paper presents a database of " ground truth " segmentations produced by humans for images of a wide variety of natural scenes. We define an error measure which quantifies the consistency between segmentations of differing granularities and find that different human segmentations of the same image are highly consistent. One of many uses of this dataset(More)
The leaky integrate-and-fire (LIF) model of neuronal spiking (Stein 1967) provides an analytically tractable formalism of neuronal firing rate in terms of a neuron's membrane time constant, threshold, and refractory period. LIF neurons have mainly been used to model physiologically realistic spike trains, but little application of the LIF model appears to(More)
This paper describes the use of Obstacle Analysis to identify anomaly handling requirements for a safety-critical, autonomous system. The software requirements for the system evolved during operations due to an on-going effort to increase the autonomous system’s robustness. The resulting increase in autonomy also increased system complexity. This(More)
This paper describes the use of Obstacle Analysis to identify anomaly-handling requirements for a safetycritical, autonomous system. The software requirements for the system evolved during operations due to an on-going effort to increase the autonomous system’s robustness. The resulting increase in autonomy also increased system complexity. This(More)
We present a novel image superpixel segmentation approach using the proposed lazy random walk (LRW) algorithm in this paper. Our method begins with initializing the seed positions and runs the LRW algorithm on the input image to obtain the probabilities of each pixel. Then, the boundaries of initial superpixels are obtained according to the probabilities(More)