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OBJECTIVE Millions of patients worldwide are taking medications that alter hemostasis and decrease the risk for thromboembolic events. This systematic review is intended to provide recommendations regarding optimal management of such patients undergoing invasive dental procedures. The primary focus of this report is on warfarin therapy, although issues(More)
This narrative review of the functions of saliva was conducted in the PubMed, Embase and Web of Science databases. Additional references relevant to the topic were used, as our key words did not generate references which covered all known functions of saliva. These functions include maintaining a moist oral mucosa which is less susceptible to abrasion, and(More)
Salivary glands (SGs) secrete more than half a liter of saliva daily. Saliva has many functions in maintaining the normal homeostasis of the oral cavity. Several causes underlie salivary impairment, where irradiation therapy to head and neck cancer patients is one of the most debilitating causes leading to considerable decrease in the patients' quality of(More)
OBJECTIVES To establish the normal range of oral mucosal pH and to correlate these measurements to salivary flow rate in healthy individuals according to age and gender. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Measurements of pH levels using a flat pH meter and salivary secretion rates were established in eight mucosal sites from a total of 50 healthy individuals. RESULTS(More)
An essential structural feature of fluid-secreting epithelial tissues is the presence of tight junctions. To develop a tissue-engineered organ capable of fluid secretion, the cellular component must establish these structures. As part of efforts to create an engineered artificial salivary gland, we have examined the ability of a candidate allogeneic graft(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the growth and morphology of a salivary epithelial cell line (HSG) in vitro on several biodegradable substrata as an important step toward developing an artificial salivary gland. The substrates examined were poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA), polyglycolic acid (PGA), and two co-polymers, 85% and 50% PLGA, respectively. The(More)
Adult salivary gland stem cells are promising candidates for cell therapy and tissue regeneration in cases of irreversible damage to salivary glands in head and neck cancer patients undergoing irradiation therapy. At present, the major restriction in handling such cells is their relatively limited life span during in vitro cultivation, resulting in an(More)
Salivary glands (SGs) are considered exocrine glands, which mainly secrete water into the oral cavity. Nevertheless, they also exhibit a smaller endocrine secretory pathway toward the bloodstream. The concept of an artificial SG device for exocrine fluid secretion into the oral region in xerostomic patients has been previously studied. The purpose of the(More)
Extreme salivary hypofunction is a result of tissue damage caused by irradiation therapy for cancer in the head and neck region. Unfortunately, there is no currently satisfactory treatment for this condition that affects up to 40,000 people in the United States every year. As a novel approach to managing this problem, we are attempting to develop an orally(More)
The potential applications of gene transfer technology to all branches of medicine are increasing. It is quite likely that within the next 10-20 years surgical practice routinely will utilize gene transfer, at least adjunctively. The purpose of this review is to familiarize the oral and maxillofacial surgeon with this technology. Studies performed with(More)