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The BRCA1 tumor suppressor protein heterodimerizes with its partner protein, BARD1, via the RING domain present in both proteins. The heterodimer contains an E3 ubiquitin ligase activity and participates in multiple cellular functions such as cell cycle control, DNA repair and regulation of gene transcription, collectively aimed at maintaining genomic(More)
In the human fetal kidney (HFK) self-renewing stem cells residing in the metanephric mesenchyme (MM)/blastema are induced to form all cell types of the nephron till 34(th) week of gestation. Definition of useful markers is crucial for the identification of HFK stem cells. Because wilms' tumor, a pediatric renal cancer, initiates from retention of renal stem(More)
Wilms' tumor (WT), the most frequent renal solid tumor in children, has been linked to aberrant Wnt signaling. Herein, we demonstrate that different WTs can be grouped according to either sensitivity or resistance to an antibody (Ab) specific to frizzled7 (FZD7), a Wnt receptor. In the FZD7-sensitive WT phenotype, the Ab induced cell death of the FZD7(+)(More)
Abnormal differentiation of the renal stem/progenitor pool into kidney tissue can lead to renal hypodysplasia (RHD), but the underlying causes of RHD are not well understood. In this multicenter study, we identified 20 Israeli pedigrees with isolated familial, nonsyndromic RHD and screened for mutations in candidate genes involved in kidney development,(More)
The nephron is composed of a monolayer of epithelial cells that make up its various compartments. In development, these cells begin as mesenchyme. NCAM1, abundant in the mesenchyme and early nephron lineage, ceases to express in mature kidney epithelia. We show that, once placed in culture and released from quiescence, adult human kidney epithelial cells(More)
Cell-based approaches utilizing autologous human renal cells require their isolation, expansion in vitro, and reintroduction back into the host for renal tissue regeneration. Nevertheless, human kidney epithelial cells (hKEpCs) lose their phenotype, dedifferentiate, and assume the appearance of fibroblasts after relatively few passages in culture. We(More)
Identification of tissue-specific renal stem/progenitor cells with nephrogenic potential is a critical step in developing cell-based therapies for renal disease. In the human kidney, stem/progenitor cells are induced into the nephrogenic pathway to form nephrons until the 34 week of gestation, and no equivalent cell types can be traced in the adult kidney.(More)
When assembling a nephron during development a multipotent stem cell pool becomes restricted as differentiation ensues. A faulty differentiation arrest in this process leads to transformation and initiation of a Wilms' tumor. Mapping these transitions with respective surface markers affords accessibility to specific cell subpopulations. NCAM1 and CD133 have(More)
Recent studies have suggested that epigenetic modulation with chromatin-modifying agents can induce stemness and dedifferentiation and increase developmental plasticity. For instance, valproic acid (VPA), a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, has been shown to promote self-renewal/expansion of hematopoietic stem cells and facilitate the generation of(More)
An open question remains in cancer stem cell (CSC) biology whether CSCs are by definition at the top of the differentiation hierarchy of the tumor. Wilms' tumor (WT), composed of blastema and differentiated renal elements resembling the nephrogenic zone of the developing kidney, is a valuable model for studying this question because early kidney(More)