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The nicotine-derived tobacco-specific nitrosamine, 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone, is one of the most potent and abundant procarcinogens found in tobacco and tobacco smoke, and glucuronidation of its major metabolite, 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL), is an important mechanism for(More)
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT)-mediated glucuronidation of benzo(a)pyrene-trans-7,8-dihydrodiol (BPD), precursor to the potent mutagen benzo(a)pyrene-7,8-dihydrodiol-9,10-epoxide, may be an important pathway in the detoxification of benzo(a)pyrene. To better characterize this pathway in humans, high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to(More)
The nicotine-derived tobacco-specific nitrosamine, 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK), is one of the most potent and abundant procarcinogens found in tobacco and tobacco smoke and is considered to be a causative agent for several tobacco-related cancers. Glucuronidation of the major metabolite of NNK,(More)
Previous studies of the effects of dietary docosahexanoic acid (DHA), 22:6n3, on neurodevelopment have focused mainly on visual-evoked potentials and indices of visual activity, measures that may be confounded by effects on the retina rather than on neural pathways. We investigated the effect of pre- and postnatal maternal dietary DHA content on auditory(More)
The nicotine-derived tobacco-specific nitrosamine, 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK), is one of the most potent and abundant procarcinogens found in tobacco and tobacco smoke, and glucuronidation of its major metabolite, 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL), is an important mechanism for NNK detoxification. In cigarette(More)
UNLABELLED We investigated the effects of maternal docosahexanoic acid (DHA) supplementation on pups' auditory startle responses and the composition of brain myelin. METHODS Timed-pregnant rats were fed throughout pregnancy and lactation diets that contained 0, 0.3, 0.7 or 3% of total fatty acids as DHA. Milk was collected from culled pups' stomachs on(More)
Turnover of N-methyl groups in non-histone chromosomal (NHC) and high mobility group (HMG) proteins from chinese hamster ovary cell nuclei was compared with that of the peptide backbone. Cells grown with tritiated amino-acids and methionine (Me-14C) were resuspended in unlabeled medium, and aliquots removed at 4 time points. Halflives were calculated from(More)
Despite numerous inquiries into protective roles of lycopene in prostate cancer prevention or therapy, little is known about mechanisms by which lycopene or its metabolites inhibit prostate cancer. The enzyme β-carotene 9',10'-oxygenase (BCO2), which catalyzes asymmetric cleavage of several carotenoids, is the principal regulator of lycopene metabolism, but(More)
Despite numerous inquiries into protective roles of lycopene in prostate cancer prevention or therapy, little is known about mechanisms bywhich lycopene or itsmetabolites inhibit prostate cancer. The enzyme b-carotene 9',10'-oxygenase (BCO2), which catalyzes asymmetric cleavage of several carotenoids, is the principal regulator of lycopene metabolism, but(More)