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The hrp/wts gene cluster of Pantoea stewartii subsp. stewartii is required for pathogenicity on sweet corn and the ability to elicit a hypersensitive response (HR) in tobacco. Site-directed transposon mutagenesis and nucleotide sequencing were used to identify hrp/wts genes within the left 20 kb of this cluster. Seventeen open reading frames (ORFs) comprise(More)
We have previously cloned the genes for synthesis of capsular polysaccharide (cps) and slime from Erwinia stewartii in cosmid pES2144. In this study, pES2144 was shown to complement 14 spontaneous cps mutants. These mutants were characterized by probing Southern blots of mutant genomic DNA with pES2144; insertions were detected in four mutants and deletions(More)
Plant- and animal-pathogenic bacteria utilize phylogenetically distinct type III secretion systems (T3SS) that produce needle-like injectisomes or pili for the delivery of effector proteins into host cells. Pantoea stewartii subsp. stewartii (herein referred to as P. stewartii), the causative agent of Stewart's bacterial wilt and leaf blight of maize,(More)
Classical quorum-sensing (autoinduction) regulation, as exemplified by the lux system of Vibrio fischeri, requires N-acyl homoserine lactone (AHL) signals to stimulate cognate transcriptional activators for the cell density-dependent expression of specific target gene systems. For Pantoea stewartii subsp. stewartii, a bacterial pathogen of sweet corn and(More)
The pathogenicity of Pantoea stewartii subsp. stewartii to sweet corn and maize requires a Hrp type III secretion system. In this study, we genetically and functionally characterized a disease-specific (Dsp) effector locus, composed of wtsE and wtsF, that is adjacent to the hrp gene cluster. WtsE, a member of the AvrE family of effector proteins, was(More)
A regulatory cascade activating hrp/hrc type III secretion and effector genes was delineated in Pantoea stewartii subsp. stewartii, a bacterial pathogen of corn. Four hrp regulatory genes were characterized: hrpX and hrpY encode the sensor kinase and response regulator, respectively, of a two-component signal transduction system; hrpS encodes an NtrC-like(More)
Pantoea stewartii subsp. stewartii causes Stewart's wilt of sweet corn. A hypersensitive response and pathogenicity (Hrp) secretion system is needed to produce water-soaking and wilting symptoms in corn and to cause a hypersensitive response (HR) in tobacco. Sequencing of the hrp cluster revealed a putative harpin gene, hrpN. The product of this gene was(More)
Pantoea stewartii subsp. stewartii is a bacterial pathogen of corn. Its pathogenicity depends on the translocation of effector proteins into host cells by the Hrp type III secretion system. We previously showed by genetic analysis that the HrpX sensor kinase and the HrpY response regulator are at the head of a complex cascade of regulators controlling(More)
A library of Erwinia stewartii DNA was constructed in cosmid pVK100 and used to complement spontaneous and Mu pf7701-induced (designated by the prefix MU) avirulent mutants. Plasmid pES4507 restored water-soaking ability and extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) synthesis to mutants MU14110 and MU2B70 (group I); pES1044 restored water-soaking ability to MU43,(More)
Erwinia stewartii contains a large cluster of wts genes that are required by this bacterium for pathogenicity on corn plants. Three complementation groups within the right half of this cluster, wtsA, wtsC, and wtsB, were previously identified. In this study, WtsA was found to be a positive activator of wtsB::lacZ expression. The wtsA locus was sequenced and(More)