Doris Penka

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AIMS To develop standardised texts for assessing reading speed during repeated measurements and across languages for normal subjects and low vision patients. METHODS 10 texts were designed by linguistic experts in English, Finnish, French, and German. The texts were at the level of a sixth grade reading material (reading ages 10-12 years) and were matched(More)
In certain environments, negation does not anti-license Positive Polarity Items in English and can precede definite noun phrases in German. Instances of negation with these characteristics are labeled 'high' negation. There are two environments where high negation –as opposed to regular, 'low' negation– has been argued to correlate with an additional(More)
There has been much debate recently about the meaning of superlative modifiers like at least and at most. The main challenge analyses of superlative modifiers face is accounting for the ignorance implication they give rise to, whereby the speaker holds higher (in at least) or lower (in at most) numbers as possible. In this study, we present results from two(More)
In (1-a), the complement of before/after is an expression denoting a time, while it denotes an event in (1-b). Before and after can also take clausal complements, as in (1-c). Finally, (1-d) illustrates that what looks superficially like a DP denoting an individual can also serve as complement. The literature on before and after has focused on cases like(More)
There is a rich literature about the temporal conjunctions before/after, but at the time I gave the talk that underlies this paper I was not aware of any analysis of the temporal comparatives früher/später ‘earlier/later’, which may be used to express similar states of affairs, but are constructed differently. Recently I got acquainted with the del Prete’s(More)
In this paper, focusing on the relevance-theoretic view of cognition, I discuss the idea that what is communicated through an utterance is not merely an explicature upon which implicature(s) are recovered, but rather a propositional complex that contains both explicit and implicit information. More specifically, I propose that this information is(More)