Doris Payerl

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The aims of this study were to validate different subcutaneous adipose tissue layers (SAT-layers) measured by lipometer for body fat percentage (BF%) assessment with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and to compare the validity of lipometer and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). The subjects were 21 male (18-60 years) and 19 female (23-54 years)(More)
The pattern of subcutaneous fat (SAT) is related to metabolic risk factors in obese children. Because weight loss improves the risk-factor profile, we sought to determine whether changes in SAT or SAT-pattern contribute to the improvement in the risk-factor profile after 3 weeks of a low-calorie diet and physical activities. In 22 obese boys (mean age, 11.9(More)
We studied i) whether short-term weight loss alters plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 antigen (PAI-1-Ag) and tissue-type plasminogen activator antigen (tPA-Ag) in obese children, and ii) whether changes in body composition and/or abdominal adiposity are responsible for changes in PAI-1 and tPA-Ag. 20 obese boys (mean age 11.9 yr) and 40 obese girls (mean(More)
In many sports, athletes with low body weight have a distinct advantage over their opponents; however, this advantage can easily turn into a noticeable disadvantage because low body weight may also be associated with health problems. The present review focuses on the problem of anorexia athletica, with its emphasis on leanness and thinness in female and(More)
Bacterial infection and sepsis are common complications of chronic kidney disease (CKD). A vicious cycle of increased gut permeability, endotoxemia, inadequate activation of the innate immune system and resulting innate immune dysfunction is hypothesized. We assessed endotoxemia, neutrophil function and its relation to oxidative stress, inflammation and gut(More)
Adipose tissue influences steroid conversion by paracrine and autocrine mechanisms. Leptin is secreted by adipocytes and influenced by sex hormones and adiposity. Short-term weight loss in the treatment of childhood obesity reduces leptin and adipose tissue. We therefore asked, Do alterations in sex hormones occur owing to weight loss? and can these(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the relationships between bioelectrical impedance and thicknesses of adipose tissue measured by traditional skinfold caliper (double thickness) or a LIPOMETER device (single non-compressed thickness) in 9- to 12-year-old boys (n=52) and girls (n=44). In total, nine skinfolds (triceps, subscapular, biceps, iliac crest,(More)
Recent findings have questioned the independent influence of insulin on leptin. We studied whether insulin contributes to leptin in obese children, independent of confounding parameters, such as total adiposity, fasting insulin resistance index, and fat free mass. In 100 obese boys and 103 obese girls, blood levels of leptin, insulin, glucose, and(More)
PURPOSE Circulating leptin is low in trained subjects and closely related to body fat content. However, data are scarce as to whether differences exist in the relationship between different estimates of adiposity, metabolic parameters, and leptin in endurance- and resistance-trained male athletes. We investigated this relationship with special emphasis on(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of body composition measured by different methods with different measurement errors on fasting plasma leptin level in normal body mass and obese postmenopausal women. It was hypothesized that the relationship between plasma leptin concentration and body fat is higher using more sophisticated laboratory(More)