Doris Nonner

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Hyperthermia can cause brain damage and also exacerbate the brain damage produced by stroke and amphetamines. The developing brain is especially sensitive to hyperthermia. The severity of, and mechanisms underlying, hyperthermia-induced neuronal death depend on both temperature and duration of exposure. Severe hyperthermia can produce necrotic neuronal(More)
Members of the interleukin-1 beta-converting enzyme (ICE)/CED-3 protease family have been implicated in apoptosis in both vertebrates and invertebrates. Using primary culture methods, we report that neurons and astrocytes require the activity of the ICE/CED-3 family of proteases to undergo apoptosis induced by staurosporine, ceramide, and serum-free media.(More)
Overexpression of Bcl-xl, a member of the Bcl-2 protein family, is reported to protect from a variety of stresses involving delayed cell death. We tested the ability of Bcl-xl overexpression to protect primary cultures of embryonic rat septal neurons subjected to one of four different stresses: 6 h of combined oxygen-glucose deprivation, which produces(More)
Hyperthermia can contribute to brain damage both during development and post-natally. We used rat embryonic striatal neurons in culture to study mechanisms underlying hyperthermia-induced neuronal death. Heat stress at 43 degrees C for 2 h produced no obvious signs of damage during the first 12 h after the stress, but more than 50% of the neurons died(More)
The effects of two bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP6, BMP7), alone and in combination with neurotrophins, were tested on cultures of embryonic day 15 rat septum. A week-long exposure to BMP6 or BMP7 in the optimal concentration range of 2-5 n M increased the activity of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) by 1.6-2-fold, in both septal and combined(More)
The central nervous system (CNS) is an active participant in the innate immune response to infection and injury. In these studies, we show embryonic cortical neurons express a functional, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-responsive, absent in melanoma 2 (AIM2) inflammasome that activates caspase-1. Neurons undergo pyroptosis, a proinflammatory cell death(More)
We demonstrate that brief (30-min) exposure of cultured embryonic rat septal neurons to neurotrophins (NTs) increases choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity by 20-50% for all tested NTs (nerve growth factor, brain-derived neurotrophic factor, neurotrophin-3, and neurotrophin-4, each at 100 ng/ml). The increase in ChAT activity was first detected 12 h(More)
Neural tissues contain high levels of the cellular homologue of the transforming protein of Rous sarcoma virus (RSV), but neither the specific cell types expressing high levels of c-src, nor the function of the cellular src (c-src) protein has been determined. Using primary culture methods, we have found that pure neurones and astrocytes derived from the(More)
The pp60c-src protein that is expressed at high levels in cultures of neurons from rat embryos displays an altered mobility on SDS-polyacrylamide gels due to a structural difference in the amino-terminal region of the molecule. In this report we show that the expression of this unique form of pp60c-src, designated pp60c-src(+), is not restricted to cultured(More)
These studies tested the hypothesis that survival-promoting effects of neurotrophins on basal forebrain cholinergic neurons are enhanced under stress. Septal neurons from embryonic day 14-15 rats exposed for 10-14 d to neurotrophin [nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), or neurotrophin-4 (NT-4), each at(More)