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PURPOSE Escaping apoptosis is a hallmark of cancer. In medulloblastoma (MB) cell lines, resistance to tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand-induced apoptosis was recently shown to correlate with loss of caspase-8 mRNA expression, because of aberrant gene methylation (M. A. Grotzer et al., Oncogene, 19: 4604-4610, 2000). Loss of caspase-8(More)
Epidemiologic studies have shown correlations between morbidity and particles < or = 2.5 microm generated from pollution processes and manufactured nanoparticles. Thereby nanoparticles seem to play a specific role. The interaction of particles with the lung, the main pathway of undesired particle uptake, is poorly understood. In most studies investigating(More)
DJ-1 is mutated in autosomal recessive, early onset Parkinson's disease but the exact localization of the DJ-1 gene product in the mammalian brain is largely unknown. We aimed to evaluate the DJ-1 mRNA expression pattern in the mouse brain. Serial coronal sections of brains of five male and five female adult mice were investigated by using in situ(More)
IL-1 binds to two types of receptors on the cell membrane, of which only type I (IL-1RI) transduces signals in concert with the coreceptor IL-1 receptor accessory protein (IL-1RAcP) while type II (IL-1RII) allegedly functions solely as ligand sink and decoy receptor without participating in IL-1 signaling. To investigate the regulatory role of IL-1RII on(More)
The scope of this work was to examine in vitro responses of lung cells to secondary organic aerosol (SOA) particles, under realistic ambient air and physiological conditions occurring when particles are inhaled by mammals, using a novel particle deposition chamber. The cell cultures included cell types that are representative for the inner surface of(More)
Epidemiological studies show a clear link between increased mortality and enhanced concentrations of ambient aerosols. The chemical and physical properties of aerosol particles causing these health effects remain unclear. A major fraction of the ambient aerosol particle mass is composed of secondary organic aerosol (SOA). Recent studies showed that a(More)
Primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs), including medulloblastoma (PNET/MB) and supratentorial PNET (sPNET), are the most common malignant brain tumors of childhood. The stabilization of telomere lengths by telomerase activation is an important step in carcinogenesis and cell immortalization. Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), the major polyphenol in green(More)
Mutations in CLCN1, the gene encoding the ClC-1 chloride channel in skeletal muscle, lead to myotonia congenita. The effects on the intramembranous channel forming domains have been investigated more than that at the intracellular C-terminus. We have performed a mutation screen involving the whole CLCN1 gene of patients with myotonia congenita by polymerase(More)
Antibodies to double-stranded DNA are found almost exclusively in serum of patients with the autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Very little is known about the nature of the antibody binding site(s) on DNA. We report here the affinity purification from SLE serum of a group of IgG and IgM antibodies that bind in nitrocellulose filter(More)
The association and activation of the IL-1 receptor-associated protein kinase (IRAK) to the IL-1 receptor complex is one of the earliest events detectable in IL-1 signal transduction. We generated permanent clones of the murine T cell line EL4 6.1 overexpressing human (h)IRAK to evaluate the role of this kinase in IL-1 signaling. Overexpression of hIRAK(More)