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Fumonisins are carcinogenic mycotoxins that are frequently found as natural contaminants in maize from warm climate regions around the world. The aminotransferase FumI is encoded as part of a gene cluster of Sphingopyxis sp. MTA144, which enables this bacterial strain to degrade fumonisin B(1) and related fumonisins. FumI catalyzes the deamination of the(More)
BACKGROUND Fumonisin B(1) is a cancerogenic mycotoxin produced by Fusarium verticillioides and other fungi. Sphingopyxis sp. MTA144 can degrade fumonisin B(1), and a key enzyme in the catabolic pathway is an aminotransferase which removes the C2-amino group from hydrolyzed fumonisin B(1). In order to study this aminotransferase with respect to a possible(More)
Detoxification of the mycotoxin fumonisin B(1) comprises at least two enzymatic steps, an initial deesterification reaction, followed by deamination of the resulting hydrolyzed fumonisin B(1). In this study, two genes that are responsible for degradation of fumonisin B(1) by the bacterium Sphingopyxis sp. MTA144 were identified within a gene cluster,(More)
Previous research identified several microorganisms and pathways capable of degrading the mycotoxin fumonisin B₁ (FB₁). Degradation of FB₁ by microorganisms seems to comprise two essential steps: hydrolysis to hydrolyzed fumonisin B₁ (HFB₁) and deamination of the hydrolysis product. One of the previously studied microorganisms was the Gram negative(More)
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