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Aseptic loosening in total hip replacement is mainly caused by wear particles inducing inflammation and osteolysis. Wear can be a consequence of micromotions at the interface between implant and bone cement. Due to complex cellular interactions, different mediators (e.g. cytokines, proteinases) are released, which can promote osteolytic processes in the(More)
A major clinical problem within synthetic, large-scaled scaffolds is the insufficient nutrient supply resulting in inhomogeneous cell proliferation and differentiation. The aim of this study was to analyse pH value, oxygen consumption and migration of human osteoblasts within a 3D tantalum scaffold, clinically used for larger bone defects. After 24 h the(More)
When large defects occur, bone regeneration can be supported by bone grafting and biophysical stimuli like electric and magnetic stimulation (EMS). Clinically established EMS modes are external coils and surgical implants like an electroinductive screw system, which combines a magnetic and electric field, e.g., for the treatment of avascular bone necrosis(More)
To prevent de-differentiation of chondrocytes in vitro, the 3D environment, growth factors and different oxygen concentrations were considered. In this in vitro study, we quantified the influence of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 and/or transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 under differing oxygen (5/21% O(2)) levels on the proliferation and synthesis(More)
Healing capacity of cartilage is low. Thus, cartilage defects do not regenerate as hyaline but mostly as fibrous cartilage which is a major drawback since this tissue is not well adapted to the mechanical loading within the joint. During in vitro cultivation in monolayers, chondrocytes proliferate and de-differentiate to fibroblasts. In three-dimensional(More)
Synthetic materials for bone replacement must ensure a sufficient mechanical stability and an adequate cell proliferation within the structures. Hereby, titanium materials are suitable for producing patient-individual porous bone scaffolds by using generative techniques. In this in vitro study, the viability of human osteoblasts was investigated in porous(More)
Aseptic loosening of total hip replacement is mainly caused by wear particles. Abrasive wear occurs at articulating surfaces or as a consequence of micro-motions at the interface between femoral stem and bone cement. Direct impact of wear particles on osteolysis, the remodeling of the bone stock and a directly affected function of osteoblasts was described.(More)
In total hip arthroplasty, wear particles generated at articulating surfaces and interfaces between bone, cement and implants have a negative impact on osteoblasts, leading to osteolysis and implant loosening. The aim of this experimental study was to determine the effects of particulate wear debris generated at the interface between straight stainless(More)
In current therapeutic strategies, bone defects are filled up by bone auto-or allografts. Since they are limited by insufficient availability and donor site morbidity, it is necessary to find an appropriate alternative of synthetic porous bone materials. Because of their osteoconductive characteristics, ceramic materials like tricalciumphosphate (TCP) are(More)