Doris Hangel

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The human gammaherpesviruses Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus and EBV cause important infections. As pathogenetic studies of the human infections are restricted, murine gammaherpesvirus 68 serves as a model to study gammaherpesvirus pathogenesis. TLRs are a conserved family of receptors detecting microbial molecular patterns. Among the TLRs, TLR9(More)
Small interfering RNA (siRNA) is widely used to modulate gene expression, but its potential induction of cytokines via Toll-like receptors (TLR) strongly impairs its use. Selective 2'-O-ribose methylation of sense or antisense strand can abolish the immunostimulatory potential, however, no universal approach is available and the mechanism of action is(More)
Allergic diseases prevalence rates have increased dramatically over the last 50 years in developed countries and one explanation might be that modern practices in public health lead to a decreased exposure towards pathogens resulting in a misguided immune response. Recently, it has become evident that immune responses against pathogens are initiated by(More)
The mammalian immune system senses pathogens through pattern recognition receptors (PRR) and responds with activation. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) that are expressed on immune and non-immune cells play a critical role in this process. As part of the innate immune response, TLRs lead to cellular activation and cytokine production with subsequent initiation of(More)
TLR7 and TLR8 recognize RNA from pathogens and lead to subsequent immune stimulation. Here we demonstrate that a single naturally occurring 2'-O-methylation within a synthetic 18s rRNA derived RNA sequence prevents IFN-α production, however secretion of proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-6 is not impaired. By analysing TLR-deficient plasmacytoid dendritic(More)
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